The Histochemical Journal

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 20–31 | Cite as

Developmental changes in the expression of the liver-enriched transcription factors LF-B1, C/EBP, DBP and LAP/LIP in relation to the expression of albumin, α-fetoprotein, carbamoylphosphate synthase and lactase mRNA

  • Maurice J. B. Van Den Hoff
  • Jacqueline L. M. Vermeulen
  • Piet A. J. De Boer
  • Wouter H. Lamers
  • Antoon F. M. Moorman


Expression of α-fetoprotein, carbamoylphosphate synthase and albumin, that are generally accepted markers for the hepatic phenotype, require a distinct set of transcription factors. We investigated byin situ hybridization whether this set of transcription factors, LF-B1, C/EBP, DBP and LAP/LIP, is expressed coordinately in the liver during embryonic development and to what extent they are also expressed elsewhere. Our results demonstrate that mRNA levels of all transcription factors tested are significantly above background in the whole embryo and are either reduced or enhanced in expression during subsequent development. Interestingly, cardiac mesoderm, which induces prehepatic endoderm to liver formation, is temporarily permissive to its own signals, showing enhanced expression of these transcription factors and, as a result, the hepatocyte-specific genes α-fetoprotein and carbamoylphosphate synthase. In addition, these transcription factors and many liver-specific structural genes rise concomitantly in intestine and kidney just before birth, suggesting the expression of hepatogenic factors in these tissues as well. Despite the extrahepatic expression of these transcription factors, expression of albumin remains confined to the liver at all developmental stages.


Transcription Factor Albumin Developmental Stage Structural Gene Embryonic Development 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurice J. B. Van Den Hoff
    • 1
  • Jacqueline L. M. Vermeulen
    • 1
  • Piet A. J. De Boer
    • 1
  • Wouter H. Lamers
    • 1
  • Antoon F. M. Moorman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy and EmbryologyUniversity of Amsterdam, Academic Medical CenterAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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