Influence of testing method on mechanical properties of ceramic matrix composites
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Mechanical properties of a monolithic zircon and zircon-matrix composites reinforced with silicon carbide monofilaments and/or whiskers were measured in three-point flexure and uniaxial tension modes to study the influence of testing methods on mechanical behaviour. A number of composite characteristics, such as the first-matrix cracking stress and strain, the ultimate composite strength and strain, and the modulus were obtained from the load-deflection behaviour in flexure and tension tests. The results indicated that the modulus values and the qualitative dependence of mechanical properties on composite parameters were similar in flexure and tension tests. In contrast, all of the other mechanical properties of the monolithic and composites were different in tests performed in flexure and tension modes. Typically, the first-matrix cracking stress and strain were higher in flexure tests than in tension tests, and these stress and strain values were independent of the filament-matrix interfacial properties. Similarly, the ultimate strengths of the monolithic and composites were higher in flexure than in tension, and these strengths were independent of interfacial properties. Therefore, the mechanical properties of composites obtained in flexure should not be used for a quantitative comparison with the predictions of micromechanical models, which are derived under the assumption of a uniform tensile stress. However, the flexure data are perfectly valid in demonstrating the qualitative dependence of mechanical properties on composite parameters.
KeywordsZircon Uniaxial Tension Tension Test Interfacial Property Micromechanical Model
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