Primary bone tumours of the hand
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Twenty-one primary bone tumours of the hand in children from 8 paediatric hospitals are reported. Osteochondromas and enchondromas were not included. Our material consisted of 16 patients withcommon tumours (3 Ewing's sarcoma, 5 aneurysmal bone cyst, 6 osteoid osteoma and 2 epidermoid cyst) and 5 patients withuncommon tumours (osteoma, simple bone cyst, haemangiopericytoma, capillary angiomatous tumour and benign ossifying fibroma or osteoblastoma). The X-ray diagnosis of thecommon tumours should have high concordance with histology, whereas that ofuncommon tumours is much more difficult and uncertain. The characteristic features of Ewing's sarcoma are stressed as all our children with this tumour had a delayed diagnosis and a fatal outcome. Differential diagnosis with other short tubular bone lesions of the hand — specifically osteomyelitis — is discussed and the possibilities of microscopic diagnosis are stressed.
KeywordsSarcoma Differential Diagnosis Osteomyelitis Bone Lesion Fatal Outcome
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