Application of the nuclide identification system SHAMAN in monitoring the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

  • P. A. Aarnio
  • J. J. Ala-Heikkilä
  • T. T. Hakulinen
  • M. T. Nikkinen
Application of Nuclear Techniques to Non-Proliferation Treaties and Weapons Detection


SHAMAN is an expert system for qualitative and quantitative radionuclide identification in gamma spectrometry. SHAMAN requires as input the calibrations, peak search, and fitting results from reliable spectral analysis software, such as SAMPO. SHAMAN uses a comprehensive reference library with 2600 radionuclides and 80 000 gamma-lines, as well as a rule base consisting of sixty inference rules. Identification results are presented both via an interactive graphical interface and in the form of configurable text reports. An organization has been established for monitoring the recent Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. For radionuclide monitoring, 80 stations will be set up around the world. Air-filter gammaspectra will be collected from these stations on a daily basis and they will need to be reliably analyzed with minimum turnaround time. SHAMAN is currently being evaluated within the prototype monitoring system as an automated radionuclide identifier, in parallel with existing radionuclide identification software. In air-filter monitoring, very low concentrations of radionuclides are measured from bulky sources in close geometry and with long counting time. In this case true coincidence summing and self-absorption become important factors. SHAMAN is able to take into account these complicated phenomena, and the results it produces have been found to be very reliable and accurate.


Radionuclide Gamma Spectrometry Complicated Phenomenon Comprehensive Reference True Coincidence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. Aarnio
    • 1
  • J. J. Ala-Heikkilä
    • 1
  • T. T. Hakulinen
    • 1
  • M. T. Nikkinen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Engineering Physics and MathematicsHelsinki University of TechnologyFinland

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