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Primates

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 45–55 | Cite as

Predation on mammals by chimpanzees in the montane forest of Kahuzi, Zaire

  • Kanyunyi Basabose
  • Juichi Yamagiwa
Article

Abstract

The rate of predation on mammals by chimpanzees was determined from carcasses and from fecal specimens found on fresh trails during a 16-month period in the montane forest of Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Zaire. A unit-group of semi-habituated chimpanzees, composed of 22 – 23 individuals including 8 adult or adolescent males, appeared to kill about 18 – 30 mammalian prey (16 – 28Cercopithecus monkeys) per year, if the multiple kills by chimpanzees were not considered. A juvenile l'Hoest's monkey was recorded for the first time as the prey of chimpanzees in this study. Predation occurred in the late dry and the early rainy seasons, when the diversity of ripe fruits was the highest during the year. The Kahuzi chimpanzees tended to kill mammals less frequently but to killCercopithecus monkeys more frequently than chimpanzees in other habitats. The absence of red colobus monkeys, which are the most frequent prey in Gombe, Mahale, and Tai, might be responsible for the low predation rate. However, the estimated rate of predation onCercopithecus monkeys is the highest record among various chimpanzee habitats. At least 11 – 18% of theCercopithecus population seemed to be lost annually as a result of being killed by chimpanzees. Chimpanzees may be the most important predators on these monkeys in the absence of leopards at Kahuzi. The examination of fecal samples and carcasses suggested that adult (probably male) or adolescent chimpanzees tended to eat juvenile or subadult monkeys most frequently, as is also seen for chimpanzees in Gombe, Mahale, and Tai.

Key Words

Predation rate Chimpanzee Cercopithecus monkeys Fecal analysis 

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Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kanyunyi Basabose
    • 1
  • Juichi Yamagiwa
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre de Recherches en Sciences NaturellesLwiro, D. S. BukavuRepublique du Zaire
  2. 2.Primate Research InstituteKyoto UniversityAichiJapan

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