Leiomyosarcoma originating in Meckel's diverticulum: Report of a case and a review of 59 cases in the English literature
A 49-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with complaints of epigastric colicky pain and high fever. Abdominal computed tomography and ultrasonography showed a solid tumor in the lower abdomen. Laparotomy revealed a neoplastic mass arising in Meckel's diverticulum; therefore, a segment of the ileum, including the tumor-possessing diverticulum, was resected with a lymph node dissection. A histologic examination confirmed the lesion to be leiomyosarcoma. In the English literature, 59 cases of leiomyosarcoma in Meckel's diverticulum were reported from 1941 to 1994. The majority of patients were in their 4th decade of life, with both sexes equally affected. The most frequent symptoms associated with this disease were abdominal pain with nausea, vomiting, and melena. The majority were larger than egg-size. Although Meckel's diverticulum is difficult to diagnose preoperatively, mesenteric arteriography may at times prove useful. The standard management of this particular tumor is wide segmental resection, including the tumor and diverticulum with lymph node dissection.
Key WordsMeckel's diverticulum leiomyosarcoma diagnosis management
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