Coronary artery revascularization concomitant with vascular surgery
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Patients with vascular disease and coronary disease are usually treated initially by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and vascular surgery is generally performed later. In this study we assessed the feasibility of combined CABG and vascular surgery in a single operation. Between 1988 and 1995, 16 patients received combined operations for vascular and cardiac lesions and the clinical results were assessed. There were no operative or hospital deaths. The mean time for operation was 421 min and the duration of the stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) was a mean of 3.6 days. In one patient with an ischemic left leg, the left internal thoracic artery (ITA) had become a collateral source of the ischemic leg, and the need for preoperative angiography of the ITA in such patients was indicated. The combined operation clearly takes longer than either vascular surgery of CABG alone, but the length of the postoperative intensive care unit stay was essentially the same as that after a single operation and the patient was still managed safely after the combined operation. In patients requiring both operations, the combined procedure therefore appears to be safe and to have a good clinical outcome.
Key wordscoronary artery revascularization vascular surgery internal thoracic artery
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