Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 24, Issue 8, pp 2839–2844 | Cite as

Crystallization of CaO−Al2O3−SiO2 and CaO−MO−Al2O3−SiO2 (M=Mg, Zn) glasses

  • R. C. C. Monteiro
  • F. P. Glasser
  • E. E. Lachowski


A range of CaO−Al2O3−SiO2 glasses have been prepared by fusion of pure starting materials in platinum crucibles. Compositions containing large amounts on network formers, Al2O3 and SiO2, are difficult to crystallize. If the amount of network former is reduced, glasses will self-nucleate and crystallize more readily, but the products of crystallization tend to react with water. This conflict has been partly resolved by adding MgO and ZnO and tailoring compositions so as to produce a phase, variously designated “Q” or “pleochroite”, ideally Ca20Al32-2vMgvSivO68, withv close to 4. Pleochroite crystallizes with a typically fibrous morphology. Preliminary experiments on fragments and melt-cast glass rods indicate that these compositions can be heat treated without deformation to yield highly crystalline, transparent ceramics.


Polymer Crystallization SiO2 Platinum Al2O3 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    S. D. STOOKEY, “Method of Making Ceramics and Product Thereof”, US Patent 2,920,971, January, 1960.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. A. TOROPOV and G. V. TIGONEN,Inorg. Mater. (USSR) 3 (11) (1967) 1789.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. A. TOPPING,J. Can. Ceram. Soc. 45 (1976) 63.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Idem, Amer. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 56 (6) (1977) 574, 577.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. L. SHELBY,J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 68 (3) (1985) 155.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. M. LEVIN, C. R. ROBBINS and H. F. McMURDIE, “Phase Diagrams for Ceramists”, Vol. 1 (American Ceramic Society, Inc. 1964) Figure 630, p. 219.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    I. KAPRALIK and F. HANIC,—ibid.“”,79 (1980) 128.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. W. McMILLAN, “Glass Ceramics”, (Academic Press, London, 1969) 2nd edn.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. ARUYA,Acta Cryst. 10 (1957) 337.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. KIRKPATRICK and I. STEELE,Am. Mineral. 58 (1973) 545.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. C. C. Monteiro
    • 1
  • F. P. Glasser
    • 1
  • E. E. Lachowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of AberdeenOld AberdeenUK

Personalised recommendations