Dynamics of primate bipedal walking as viewed from the force of foot
Bipedal walking of the six species of anthropoid primates including man were examined by means of the force plate technique. Though each species has a particular pattern of bipedal walking, we can classify two types of patterns in these primates as far as the foot force is concerned. The first type includes the man, chimpanzee, and spider monkey and the second type contains the Japanese monkey, hamadryas baboon, and gibbon. It was emphasized that the similarity of man to the chimpanzee and spider monkey in bipedal walking has some evolutionary significance.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Basler, A., 1935. Neue Untersuchungen über die beim Gehen nach abwärts wirkende Kraft (die Lotkraft).Arbeitsphysiol., 8: 591–594.Google Scholar
- Endo, B. &T. Kimura, 1969. Dynamic analysis of human walking.Proc. 8th Intr. Congr. Anthrop. Ethnol. Sci., 1968, Vol. 1: 335–339.Google Scholar
- ———— & ————, 1972. External force of foot in infant walking.J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sec. V, 4 (2): 103–117.Google Scholar
- Ishida, H., T. Kimura, & M. Okada, 1975. Patterns of bipedal walking in anthropoid primates.Proc. Symp. 5th Congr. Intr. Primat. Soc., 1974, Tokyo, pp. 287–301.Google Scholar
- Kimura, T. & B. Endo, 1970. Some observations on the dynamics of the human walking.Proc. 19th Jap. Nat. Congr. Appl. Mech., 1969, pp. 3–7.Google Scholar
- ———— & ————, 1972. Comparison of force of foot between quadrupedal walking of dog and bipedal walking of man.J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sec. V, 4 (2): 119–130.Google Scholar
- Tomita, M., 1972. Origin of the bipedal walking. From the observations on the movement pattern of four limbs and on the foot force in the primates.Ann. Rep. Prim. Res. Inst. Kyoto Univ., 2: 95–100. (in Japanese)Google Scholar