, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 207–215 | Cite as

Life history patterns and ecology of macaque species

  • Caroline Ross


Macaques are found both in broadleaf evergreen forest and in more variable habitats. The former group might be expected to be subject to less variability in their environment and hence to suffer lower rates of density independent mortality. Life history evolution models predict that species in such conditions will have lower rates of development and breeding than those found in more variable habitats where density independent mortality is high. This prediction is tested here by comparing the breeding and development rates of nine species of macaque. Although measures of developmental rate are not found to vary in a predictable way with habitat, measures of breeding rate do correlate with habitat categories used. As predicted, species that are found in more variable habitats tend to have higher birth rates and a higher intrinsic rate of natural increase than do species in more stable, forest habitats. Contrary to prediction selection does not always act to produce an early age at first reproduction in macaques living in seasonal environments. This is discussed with relation to physiological and environmental constraints.

Key Words

Life-history evolution r- andK-selection Evolutionary constraints Macaca species 


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Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline Ross
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of DurhamDurhamEngland

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