Primates

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 465–470 | Cite as

Conditions of observation and social distance in groups of squirrel monkeys,Saimiri sciureus

  • Fernando Alvarez
Reports

Abstract

Observation conditions were very influential in determining the social distance among members of groups of squirrel monkeys.

With observer visible to the animals and recording by talking into a tape recorder the monkeys did not show a consistent pattern of social distance as reflected by actual space and frequency of bodily contacts, whereas when the observer was concealed, looking through a one-way vision screen and recording silently by marking on paper, the subjects tended to group in unisexual clusters, with that of the females showing higher cohesiveness.

Keywords

Animal Ecology Consistent Pattern Actual Space Observation Condition Social Distance 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alvarez, F., 1973. Comportamiento social y hormonas sexuales enSaimiri sciureus.Monogr. Cienc. Mod, 82: 1–74. C.S.I.C., Madrid.Google Scholar
  2. Baldwin, J. D., 1968. A study of the social behavior of a semi free-ranging colony of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus).Folia. primat., 9: 281–314.Google Scholar
  3. ————, 1971. The social organization of a semifree-ranging troop of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus).Folia primat., 14: 23–50.Google Scholar
  4. Castell, R. v. &D. Ploog, 1967. Zum Sozialverhalten der Totenkopf-Affen (Saimiri sciureus): Auseinandersetzung zwischen zwei Kolonien.Z. f. Tierpsychol., 24: 625–641.Google Scholar
  5. DuMond, F. V., 1967. Semi-free-ranging colonies of monkeys at Goulds Monkey Jungle.Int. Zoo. Yearb., 7: 202–207.Google Scholar
  6. Mason, W. A. &G. Epple, 1969. Social organization in laboratory groups ofSaimiri andCallicebus. In:Proc. 2nd. Int. Congr. Primatol.,C. R. Carpenter (ed.), S. Karger, Basel, pp. 59–65.Google Scholar
  7. Ploog, D. W., J. Blitz, &F. Ploog, 1963. Studies on social and sexual behavior of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus).Folia primat., 1: 29–66.Google Scholar
  8. Thorington, R. W., 1967. Feeding and activity ofCebus andSaimiri in a Colombian forest. In:Progress in Primatology,D. Starck,R. Schneider, &H. J. Kuhn (eds.), Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 180–184.Google Scholar
  9. ————, 1968. Observations of squirrel monkeys in a Colombian forest. In:The Squirrel Monkey,L. A. Rosenblum &R. W. Cooper (eds.), Academic Press, New York & London, pp. 69–85.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Alvarez
    • 1
  1. 1.Estación Biológica de DoñanaSevilla 12Spain

Personalised recommendations