, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 597–600 | Cite as

Do rhesus mothers suggest friends to their offspring?

  • Frans B. M. de Waal
Short Communication


Rhesus mothers (Macaca mulatta) may hold their own infant together with the infant of another female in a so-called double-hold. This behavior was observed 240 times in 23 individual females in two independent captive groups. Approximately nine out of ten times, the second infant was from a dominant matriline. It is suggested that females try to promote future association between their own offspring and high-ranking youngsters.

Key Words

Macaca mulatta Mother-infant Socialization Development Cognition 


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Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Center 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frans B. M. de Waal
    • 1
  1. 1.Wisconsin Regional Primate Research CenterUniversity of WisconsinMadisonU.S.A.

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