Advertisement

Primates

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 378–383 | Cite as

The birth of a lowland gorilla in captivity

  • Benjamin B. Beck
Short Communication

Abstract

A 7 year-old captive-born mother-reared gorilla gave birth to a healthy infant after being in labor for 27 min. The young female was a wholly competent mother although she had never observed gorilla mothers or interacted with gorilla infants. This reinforces previous evidence, still often ignored by zoo officials, that gorillas do not have to learn maternal behavior.

Keywords

Animal Ecology Young Female Previous Evidence Maternal Behavior Healthy Infant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aspinall, J., 1980. The husbandry of gorillas in captivity. In:The Great Apes of Africa,R. Short & B. Weir (eds.), Journals of Reproduction & Fertility Ltd., Cambridge, pp. 71–77.Google Scholar
  2. Beck, B., 1982. Fertility in North American male lowland gorillas.Amer. J. Primatol. (Supp.), 1: 7–11.Google Scholar
  3. ————, 1983. Managerial strategies in the captive propagation of endangered species.Zoo Biol., 2: 253–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bingham, L. &T. Hahn, 1974. Observations on the birth of a lowland gorillaGorilla g. gorilla in captivity.Int. Zoo Yb., 14: 113–115.Google Scholar
  5. Brandt, E. &G. Mitchell, 1971. Parturition in primates: Behavior related to birth. In:Primate Behavior,L. Rosenblum (ed.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 177–223.Google Scholar
  6. Clark, T., 1981. Born in captivity.Yankee, 45: 92–97, 210–223.Google Scholar
  7. Clift, J. &R. Martin, 1978. Monitoring of pregnancy and postnatal behavior in a lowland gorillaGorilla g. gorilla.Int. Zoo Yb., 18: 165–173.Google Scholar
  8. Dixon, A., 1982. Captive reproduction of the gorilla (Gorilla g. gorilla): An analysis of the problems encountered as a reflection of social structure. Unpub. B.A. Honors thesis, Harvard College.Google Scholar
  9. Fisher, L., 1972. The birth of a lowland gorillaGorilla g. gorilla at Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago.Int. Zoo Yb., 12: 106–108.Google Scholar
  10. Fontaine, P., 1968. Birth of four species of apes at Dallas Zoo.Int. Zoo Yb., 8: 115–118.Google Scholar
  11. Fossey, D., 1979. Development of the mountain gorilla (Gorilla gorilla beringei). The first 36 months. In:The Great Apes,D. Hamburg &E. McCown (eds.), Benjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park, California, pp. 139–184.Google Scholar
  12. ————, 1982. Reproduction among free-living mountain gorillas.Amer. J. Primat. (Supp.), 1: 97–104.Google Scholar
  13. Hardin, C., D. Danford &P. Skeldon, 1969. Notes on the successful breeding by incompatible gorillasGorilla gorilla.Int. Zoo Yb., 9: 84–88.Google Scholar
  14. Hess, J., 1973. Some observations on the sexual behavior of captive lowland gorillas,Gorilla g. gorilla (Savage andWyman). In:Comparative Ecology and Behavior of Primates,R. Michael &J. Crook (eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 507–581.Google Scholar
  15. Johnstone-Scott, R., 1979. Notes on mother-rearing in the western lowland gorilla.Int. Zoo News, 267: 9–20.Google Scholar
  16. Lang, E., 1961. Jambo—the second gorilla born at the Basle Zoo.Int. Zoo Yb., 3: 84–88.Google Scholar
  17. ————, 1964. Jambo—first gorilla raised by its mother in captivity.Nat. Geog., 125: 446–453.Google Scholar
  18. Lotshaw, R., 1971. Births of two lowland gorillasGorilla g. gorilla at Cincinnati Zoo.Int. Zoo Yb., 11: 84–87.Google Scholar
  19. Mallinson, J., P. Coffey &J. Usher-Smith, 1973. Maintenance, breeding and hand-rearing of low-land gorillaGorilla g. gorilla (Savage andWyman 1847) at the Jersey Zoological Park.Rep. Wildl. Preserv. Trust, 10: 5–28.Google Scholar
  20. ————, ———— & ————, 1976. Breeding and hand-rearing lowland gorillasGorilla g. gorilla at the Jersey Zoo.Int. Zoo Yb., 16: 189–194.Google Scholar
  21. Mallinson, J. J. C., 1982. The establishment of a self-sustaining breeding population of gorillas in captivity with special reference to the work of the anthropoid ape advisory panel of the British Isles and Ireland.Amer. J. Primatol. (Supp.), 1: 105–118.Google Scholar
  22. Maple, T. &M. Hoff, 1982.Gorilla Behavior. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.Google Scholar
  23. ———— &W. Stine, 1982. Environmental variables and great ape husbandry.Amer. J. Primatol. (Supp.), 1: 67–76.Google Scholar
  24. Nadler, R., 1974a. Periparturitional behavior of a primiparous lowland gorilla.Primates, 15: 55–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. ————, 1974b. Determinants of variability in maternal behavior of captive female gorillas. In:Proceedings of the Symposia of the 5th Congress of the International Primatological Society,S. Kondo,M. Kawai,A. Ehara &S. Kawamura (eds.), Japan Science Press, Tokyo, pp. 207–216.Google Scholar
  26. Reed, T. &B. Gallagher, 1963. Gorilla birth at National Zoological Park Washington.Zool. Gart., 27: 279–292.Google Scholar
  27. Rumbaugh, D., 1967. “Alvila”—San Diego Zoo's captive-born gorillaGorilla g. gorilla.Int. Zoo Yb., 7: 98–107.Google Scholar
  28. Sabater Pí, J., 1977. Mother-raised gorilla in Barcelona Zoo—notes on the problems of captive-born gorillas.Int. Zoo News, 24: 29.Google Scholar
  29. Schaller, G., 1963.The Mountain Gorilla. Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  30. Stewart, K., 1977. The birth of a wild mountain gorilla (Gorilla gorilla beringei).Primates, 18: 965–976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Thomas, W., 1958. Observations on the breeding in captivity of a pair of lowland gorillas.Zoologica, 43: 95–103.Google Scholar
  32. ----Thomas, W., 1981. Management and social dynamics in primates. Paper presented at the 36th Annual Conference of the International Union of Directors of Zoological Gardens, Front Royal, Virginia.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin B. Beck
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MammalogyNational Zoological ParkWashington, D.C.U.S.A.

Personalised recommendations