, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 326–336

Patterns of wounding in stumptail macaques (macaca arctoides)

  • Patricia L. Whitten
  • Euclid O. Smith

DOI: 10.1007/BF02382271

Cite this article as:
Whitten, P.L. & Smith, E.O. Primates (1984) 25: 326. doi:10.1007/BF02382271


A three-year study of the patterns of wounding in a group of stumptail macaques (Macaca arctoides) was conducted at the Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center Field Station. Wounds were classified as punctures, lacerations or abrasions. Data were analyzed to determine if patterns of wounding vary by age/sex class, body part or wound type. Results indicate that adult males receive significantly more total wounds than expected, based on their total time spent in the group. Adult males also receive more serious wounds than other age/sex classes. Low-ranking animals are wounded more often than high-ranking individuals. Moreover, the location of wounds within each age/sex class is non-random. Adult males receive a disproportionate number of wounds on the forequarters, but adult and immature females are wounded disproportionately on the hindquarters. Finally, age/sex classes differ in the number of wounds on individual body parts. Adult males receive more wounds on the head, arms and hands than other age/sex classes, but adult and immature females receive more wounds on the feet than other age/sex classes. These results demonstrate that wounding patterns are clearly non-random and depend on a variety of factors such as age, sex and dominance rank.

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricia L. Whitten
    • 2
  • Euclid O. Smith
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyYale University School of MedicineNew HavenU.S.A.
  2. 2.Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center and Departments of Anthropology and BiologyEmory UniversityAtlantaU.S.A.

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