, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 321–336 | Cite as

Interspecific relationships ofCallithrix based on the dental characters

  • Masahito Natori


The dental structure of all species ofCallithrix, C. argentata, C. humeralifer, C. aurita, C. flaviceps, C. geoffroyi, C. penicillata, andC. jacchus is examined.Callithrix are divided intoC. jacchus group andC. argentata group, based on the analysis of dental characters.C. jacchus group consists ofC. jacchus, C. penicillata, C. geoffroyi, C. flaviceps, andC. aurita, whileC. argentata andC. humeralifer are assigned toC. argentata group. InC. jacchus group,C. aurita andC. flaviceps were differentiated from the original stock of their common ancestor, followed byC. geoffroyi, last byC. penicillata, and finallyC. jacchus. Based on the relationships among species ofCallithrix, it is possible to infer the relative age of the formation of the refuges which caused their speciation. First, the forests in southeastern Brazilian coast were split from Amazonia. In southeastern Brazilian coast, the Paulista center separated, followed by the Rio Doce center, the Bahia center, finally by the Pernambuco center.

Key Words

Callithrix Dental character Refuge 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Brown, K. S. Jr., 1982. Paleoecology and regional patterns of evolution in Neotropical forest butterflies. In:Biological Diversification in the Tropics,G. T. Prance (ed.), Columbia Press, New York, pp. 258–308.Google Scholar
  2. Coimbra-Filho, A. F. &R. A. Mittermeier, 1973. New data on the taxonomy of the Brazilian marmosets of the genusCallithrix Erxleben, 1777.Folia Primatol., 20: 241–264.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. ———— & ————, 1977. Tress-gouging, exudate-eating and the “short-tusked” condition inCallithrix andCebuella. In:The Biology and Conservation of the Callitrichidae,D. G. Kleiman (ed.), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., pp. 105–115.Google Scholar
  4. Haffer, J., 1969. Speciation in Amazonian forest birds.Science, 165: 131–137.Google Scholar
  5. Hershkovitz, P., 1968. Metachromism or the principle of evolutionary change in mammalian tegumentary colors.Evolution, 22: 556–575.Google Scholar
  6. ————, 1975. Comments on taxonomy of Brazilian marmoset (Callithrix, Callitrichidae).Folia Primatol., 24: 137–172.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. ————, 1977.Living New World Monkeys, Vol. 1. Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  8. Hill, W. C. O., 1957.Primates. Comparative Anatomy and Taxonomy. Vol. 3, Hapalidae. Edinburgh Univ. Press, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  9. Kinzey, W. G., 1973. Reduction of the cingulum in Ceboidea. In:Craniofacial Biology of Primates, Vol. 3,M. A. Zingeser (ed.), S. Karger, Basel, pp. 101–127.Google Scholar
  10. ————, 1974. Ceboidea models for the evolution of hominoid dentition.J. Human Evol., 3: 193–203.Google Scholar
  11. ————, 1982. Distribution of primates and forest refuge. In:Biological Diversification in the Tropics,G. T. Prance (ed.), Columbia Press, New York, pp. 455–481.Google Scholar
  12. Maier, W. &G. Schneck, 1981. Konstruktionsmorphologische Untersuchungen am Gebiss der hominoiden Primaten.Z. Morph. Anthropol., 72: 127–169.Google Scholar
  13. Mittermeier, R. A. &A. F. Coimbra-Filho, 1981. Systematics: species and subspecies. In:Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates,A. F. Coimbra-Filho &R. A. Mittermeier (eds.), Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, Rio de Janeiro, pp. 29–109.Google Scholar
  14. Napier, P. H., 1976.Catalogue of Primates in the British Museum (Natural History) 1. Families Callitrichidae and Ceboidea. British Museum, Natural History, London.Google Scholar
  15. Orlosky, F. J., 1973. Comparative dental morphology of extant and extinct Cebidae.Univ. Microfilm. Ann Arbor. Google Scholar
  16. Prance, G. T., 1982. Forest refuges: evidence from woody Angiosperms. In:Biological Diversification in the Tropics,G. T. Prance (ed.), Columbia Press, New York, pp. 137–158.Google Scholar
  17. Rosenberger, A. L., 1979. Phylogeny, evolution and classification of New World monkeys (Platyrrhini, Primates),Univ. Microfilms, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  18. ———— &W. G. Kinzey, 1976. Functional patterns of molar occlusion in platyrrhine primates.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 45: 281–298.Google Scholar
  19. Setoguchi, T. &A. L. Rosenberger, 1985. Miocene marmosets: First fossil evidence.Int. J. Primatol., 6: 615–625.Google Scholar
  20. Sussman, R. W. &W. G. Kinzey, 1984. The ecological role of the Callitrichidae: A review.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 64: 419–449.Google Scholar
  21. Szalay, F. S., 1969. Mixodectidae, Microsyopidae and the insectivore-primate transition.Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 140: 193–330.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masahito Natori
    • 1
  1. 1.Kyoto UniversityJapan

Personalised recommendations