Primates

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 424–431 | Cite as

Seasonal and habitat differences in the abundance of primates in the Amazon (Tapajos) National Park, Brazil

  • Lyn C. Branch
Short Communications

Abstract

Twelve species of primates occur in the Amazon (Tapajós) National Park. The abundance of these species varies with habitat type and extent of human disturbance. Seasonality of rainfall and river level significantly affect the abundance of primates in seasonally inundated forest but not in upland forest types.

Keywords

Habitat Type Forest Type Animal Ecology Human Disturbance Upland Forest 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adis, J., 1977. Programa mínimo para análises de ecossistemas: artrópodos terrestres em florestas inundáveis da Amazônia Central.Acta Amazônica, 7(2): 223–229.Google Scholar
  2. Àvila-Pires, F. D., 1974. Caracterizaçâo zoogeografica da Provincia Amazônica. II. A familia Callithricidae e a zoogeografica Amazônica.An. Acad. Brasil. Cienc., 46(1): 159–181.Google Scholar
  3. Ayres, J. M. &K. Milton, 1981. Levantamento de primatas e habitat no Rio Tapajós.Bol. Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, 111: 1–11.Google Scholar
  4. Cant, J. G. H., 1978. Population survey of the spider monkeyAteles geoffroyi at Tikal, Guatemala.Primates, 19: 525–535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clutton-Brock, T. H. (ed.), 1977.Behavioral Ecology: Studies of Feeding and Ranging Behavior in Lemurs, Monkeys and Apes. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Coimbra-Filho, A. F. &R. A. Mittermeier, 1981.Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates. Vol. 1. Academia Brasileira de Ciências, Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  7. Eberhardt, L. L., 1978. Transect methods for population studies.J. Wildl. Manage., 42(1): 1–31.Google Scholar
  8. Freese, C. H., P. G. Heltne, H. Castro R. &G. Whitesides, 1982. Patterns and determinants of monkey densities in Peru and Bolivia, with notes on distributions.Int. J. Primatol., 3(1): 53–90.Google Scholar
  9. Goulding, M., 1980.The Fishes and the Forest. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  10. Green, K. M., 1978. Primate censusing in Northern Colombia: A comparison of two techniques.Primates, 19: 537–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hershkovitz, P., 1963. A systematic and zoogeographic account of monkeys of the genusCallicebus (Cebidae) of the Amazonas and Orinoco River Basins.Mammalia, 27: 1–79.Google Scholar
  12. ————, 1977.Living New World Monkeys (Platyrrhini), Vol. 1. The Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  13. ————, 1979. The species of sakis, genusPithecia (Cebidae, Primates), with notes on sexual dichromatism.Folia Primatol., 31: 1–22.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Hill, W. C. O., 1962.Primates. Univ. Press, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  15. Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal/Fundação Brasileira para Conservaçâo da Natureza, 1979. Plano de Manejo Parque Nacional da Amazônia (Tapajós). IBDF/FBCN, Brasília.Google Scholar
  16. Janson, C. & J. Terborgh, in press. Censusing primates in rainforest. Serie Zoologia, Museo de Historia Natural “Javier Prado.”Google Scholar
  17. Mittermeier, R. A., R. C. Bailey &A. F. Coimbra-Filho, 1977. Conservation status of Callitrichidae in Brazilian Amazonia, Surinam and French Guiana. In:Biology and Conservation of the Callitrichidae,D. Kleiman (ed.), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 137–146.Google Scholar
  18. ———— &A. F. Coimbra-Filho, 1977. Primate conservation in Brazilian Amazonia. In:Primate Conservation,Prince Rainier III &G. H. Bourne (eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 117–166.Google Scholar
  19. ———— &M. G. M. van Roosmalen, 1981. Preliminary observations on habitat utilization and diet in eight Surinam monkeys.Folia Primatol., 36: 1–39.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Neville, M. K., 1972. The population structure of red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in Trinidad and Venezuela.Folia Primatol., 17: 56–86.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Penny, N. D. &J. R. Arias, 1982.Insects of an Amazon Forest. Columbia Univ. Press, New York.Google Scholar
  22. Prance, G. T., 1978. Conservation problems in the Amazon Basin. In:Earthcare: Global Protection of Natural Areas,E. A. Schofield (ed.), Proc. 14th Biennial Wilderness Conf., Westview, pp. 191–207.Google Scholar
  23. Rylands, A. B., 1981. Preliminary field observations on the marmoset,Callithrix humeralifer intermedius (Hershkovitz, 1977) at Dardanelos, Rio Aripuanã, Mato Grosso.Primates, 22: 46–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sick, H., 1967. Rios e enchentes na Amazônia como obstáculo para a avifauna. Atas do Simpósio Sobre a Biota Amazônia.Zoologia, 5: 495–520.Google Scholar
  25. Vivo, M., 1979. Primatas do Parque Nacional do Tapajós. Report presented to Instituto Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento Florestal, Departamento de Parques Nacionais e Reservas Equivalentes, Brasília, Brasil, 22 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lyn C. Branch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forestry and Resource ManagementUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations