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External characteristics and associated developmental changes in two species of Sulawesi macaques,Macaca tonkeana andM. hecki, with special reference to hybrids and the borderland between the species

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Abstract

The degree of intergradation between two species of Sulawesi macaques,Macaca tonkeana andM. hecki, was studied by examining the diagnostic external characteristics of more than 100 monkeys kept as pets by natives. Two possible hybrid monkeys were found and both originated from the borderland between the two species, located in the most proximal region of the northern peninsula of Sulawesi. The previously postulated wide area of integradation between the two species at the possible contact zone was, however, not recognized, and typical examples oftonkeana orhecki were found to be present on the two sides of a narrow “hybrid” zone which was defined by direct observations. Furthermore, despite considerable individual variations, we were able to allocate most monkeys to one or other of the species. Each of ten external characteristics of the members of both species more or less encompassed the individual variations, but may undergo changes with the development of the monkeys. The mechanisms of reproduction of hybrid monkeys and the maintenance of differences between the species are discussed.

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Watanabe, K., Lapasere, H. & Tantu, R. External characteristics and associated developmental changes in two species of Sulawesi macaques,Macaca tonkeana andM. hecki, with special reference to hybrids and the borderland between the species. Primates 32, 61–76 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02381601

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