Advertisement

Primates

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 361–367 | Cite as

Differential habitat use byCebus apella andSaimiri sciureus in central surinam

  • John G. Fleagle
  • Russell A. Mittermeier
  • Arthur L. Skopec
Article

Abstract

Cebus apella, the black-capped or tufted capuchin, andSaimiri sciureus, the squirrel monkey, are frequently found in mixed species feeding and foraging groups throughout tropical South America and have been reported previously to show marked differences in techniques of insect foraging. Individuals of these taxa observed in central Surinam show numerous additional species-specific differences in other aspects of habitat utilization including gross dietary preferences, utilization of forest strata, locomotor behavior and arboreal support preferences.Cebus apella is more frugivorous, frequents the middle and lower levels of the main canopy, is predominantly quadrupedal and moves on medium-sized arboreal supports. By contrast, the smallerSaimiri sciureus is more insectivorous, frequents the lower strata of the forest, is more saltatory and moves on the smallest arboreal supports. Many of these differences in habitat use are interrelated and accord with patterns of habitat use seen in other primate taxa. The differences betweenCebus apella andSaimiri sciureus also accord with the types of behavioral differences frequently associated with differences in body size.

Keywords

Body Size Animal Ecology Squirrel Monkey Behavioral Difference Locomotor Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cartmill, M. &K. Milton, 1977. The lorisform wrist joint and the evolution of “brachiating” adaptations in the Hominoidea.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 47: 249–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Charles-Dominique, P., 1977.Ecology and Behavior of Nocturnal Primates. Columbia Univ. Press, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Fleagle, J. G., 1976. Locomotion and posture of the Malayan siamang and implications for hominoid evolution.Folia Primatol., 26: 245–269.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. ————, 1978a. Size distributions of living and fossil primate faunas.Paleobiology, 4: 67–76.Google Scholar
  5. ————, 1978b. Locomotion, posture and habitat utilization of two sympatric Malaysian leaf-monkeys (Presbytis obscura andPresbytis melalophos). In:Ecology of Arboreal Folivores,G. G. Montgomery (ed.), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 243–251.Google Scholar
  6. ———— &R. A. Mittermeier, 1980. Locomotor behavior, body size and comparative ecology of seven Surinam monkeys.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 52: 301–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hernandez-Camacho, J. &R. W. Cooper, 1976. The nonhuman primates of Colombia. In:Neotropical Primates: Field Studies and Conservation,R. W. Thorington &P. G. Heltne (eds.), National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., pp. 35–69.Google Scholar
  8. Hershkovitz, P., 1969. The evolution of mammals on southern continents. I. The recent mammals of the Neotropical region: zoogeographical and ecological review.Quart. Rev. Biol., 44: 1–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. ————, 1977.Living New World Monkeys (Platyrrhini) with an Introduction to Primates. Vol. 1. Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  10. Hladik, A. &C. M. Hladik, 1969. Rapports trophiques entre vegetation et primates dans la forêt de Barro Colorado (Panama).Terre et Vie, 23: 25–117.Google Scholar
  11. Hutchinson, G. E., 1959. Homage to Santa Rosalia or why are there so many kinds of animals.Amer. Naturalist, 93: 145–159.Google Scholar
  12. Kay, R. F., 1973. Mastication, molar tooth structure and diet in primates. Ph.D. dissertation, Yale Univ., Univ. Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Michigan.Google Scholar
  13. Kinzey, W.G., 1977. Positional behavior and ecology inCallicebus torquatus.Yrbk. Phys. Anthropol., 20: 468–480.Google Scholar
  14. ————,A. L. Rosenberger, P. S. Heisler, D. L. Prowse &J. S. Trilling, 1977. A preliminary field investigation of the yellow handed titi monkey,Callicebus torquatus torquatus, in northern Peru.Primates, 18: 159–181.Google Scholar
  15. Klein, L. L. &D. J. Klein, 1973. Observations on two types of Neotropical primate intertaxa associations.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 38: 649–653.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kreig, H., 1930. Biologische Reisestudien in Sudamerika. XVI. Die Affen des Gran Chaco und Seiner Grenzgebiete.Z. Morph. Okol. Tiere, 18: 760–785.Google Scholar
  17. Mittermeier, R. A. &A. F. Coimbra-Filho, 1977. Primate conservation in Brazilian Amanonian. In:Primate Conservation, H. S. H. Prince Rainier III of Monaco & G. H. Bourne (eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 117–166.Google Scholar
  18. ---- &M. G. M. van Roosmalen, in press. Preliminary observation on habitat utilization and diet in eight Surinam monkeys.Folia Primatol.Google Scholar
  19. Moynihan, M., 1976.The New World Primates. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton.Google Scholar
  20. Napier, J. R., 1967. Evolution aspects of primate locomotion.Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 27: 333–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Napier, P. H., 1976.Catalogue of Primates in the British Museum (Natural History). Part I: Families Callitrichidae and Cebidae. British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar
  22. Thorington, R. W., Jr., 1967. Feeding and activity ofCebus andSaimiri in a Colombian forest. In:Progress in Primatology,D. Starck,R. Schneider &H. J. Kuhn (eds.), Gustav Fisher, Stuttgart, pp. 180–184.Google Scholar
  23. ————, 1968. Observations of squirrel monkeys in a Colombian forest. In:The Squirrel Monkey,L. A. Rosenblum &R. W. Cooper (eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 69–85.Google Scholar
  24. Tokuda, K., 1968. Group size and vertical distribution of New World monkeys in the basin of the Rio Putumayo, the upper Amazon.Proc. 8th Congr. Anthropol. Sci., Vol. 1, Anthropology. Science Council of Japan, Tokyo, pp. 260–261.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • John G. Fleagle
    • 1
    • 2
  • Russell A. Mittermeier
    • 1
    • 2
  • Arthur L. Skopec
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Anatomical Sciences, Health Sciences CenterState University of New York at Stoney BrookLong IslandU.S.A
  2. 2.World Wildlife Fund-U.S.Washington, D. C.U.S.A
  3. 3.Graduate CenterCity University of New YorkNew YorkU.S.A

Personalised recommendations