, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 361–367 | Cite as

Differential habitat use byCebus apella andSaimiri sciureus in central surinam

  • John G. Fleagle
  • Russell A. Mittermeier
  • Arthur L. Skopec


Cebus apella, the black-capped or tufted capuchin, andSaimiri sciureus, the squirrel monkey, are frequently found in mixed species feeding and foraging groups throughout tropical South America and have been reported previously to show marked differences in techniques of insect foraging. Individuals of these taxa observed in central Surinam show numerous additional species-specific differences in other aspects of habitat utilization including gross dietary preferences, utilization of forest strata, locomotor behavior and arboreal support preferences.Cebus apella is more frugivorous, frequents the middle and lower levels of the main canopy, is predominantly quadrupedal and moves on medium-sized arboreal supports. By contrast, the smallerSaimiri sciureus is more insectivorous, frequents the lower strata of the forest, is more saltatory and moves on the smallest arboreal supports. Many of these differences in habitat use are interrelated and accord with patterns of habitat use seen in other primate taxa. The differences betweenCebus apella andSaimiri sciureus also accord with the types of behavioral differences frequently associated with differences in body size.


Body Size Animal Ecology Squirrel Monkey Behavioral Difference Locomotor Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • John G. Fleagle
    • 1
    • 2
  • Russell A. Mittermeier
    • 1
    • 2
  • Arthur L. Skopec
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Anatomical Sciences, Health Sciences CenterState University of New York at Stoney BrookLong IslandU.S.A
  2. 2.World Wildlife Fund-U.S.Washington, D. C.U.S.A
  3. 3.Graduate CenterCity University of New YorkNew YorkU.S.A

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