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Comparison between wild-born mother-female infant interactions and laboratory-born mother-female infant interactions during the first 14 weeks after birth in individually caged cynomolgus macaques

Abstract

In this study we compared mother-female infant interactions between primiparous and multiparous laboratory-born (F1) cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in individual cages at Tsukuba Primate Center (TPC), Japan, during the first 14 weeks of infant life. We also compared interactions between multiparousF1 mothers and their female infants with those between wild-born mothers and their female infants when mothers and their infants were housed in the same individual cages. PrimiparousF1 mothers showed significantly higher values for contact with and holding of their infants than multiparousF1 mothers. The primiparousF1 mothers also tended to behave aggressively toward their infants when the latter did not show any obviously irritating behaviors. Thus, the primiparousF1 mothers seemed to be inconsistent in terms of maternal behavior. Compared with multiparous wild-born mothers, multiparousF1 mothers moved more frequently, held their infants less frequently and acted aggressively toward their infants less frequently. However, infants ofF1 mothers, as well as infants of wild-born mothers, interacted with their mothers through approaching and playful contact with them. These findings indicate that the attitude of multiparousF1 mothers toward their infants was relatively passive. Possible reasons for the passive maternal style of multiparousF1 mothers are discussed.

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Nakamichi, M., Minami, T. & Cho, F. Comparison between wild-born mother-female infant interactions and laboratory-born mother-female infant interactions during the first 14 weeks after birth in individually caged cynomolgus macaques. Primates 37, 155–166 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02381403

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02381403

Key Words

  • Mother-infant interactions
  • Macaca fascicularis
  • Wild-born mother
  • Laboratory-born mother
  • Parity