Skip to main content

Measurement of deviant behavior in a gombe chimpanzee: Relation to later behavior

Abstract

In 1973, personality ratings using a test called the Emotions Profile Index (EPI) were made on a number of Gombe chimpanzees, including a deviant female namedPassion. Passion's ratings were compared to the profiles of the other adult females from the same community.Passion's ratings were also analyzed in terms of her subsequent infanticidal and cannibalistic behavior, observed from 1975 to 1977. The EPI scales were found to be useful in detecting social deviance. The test appears to be a good descriptive and predictive measuring instrument. Suggestions are made for utilizing the EPI rating scales in the assessment of the psychological well-being of captive and/or research animals.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Buirski, P., H. Kellerman, R. Plutchik, R. Weininger, &N. Buirski, 1973. A field study of emotions, dominance, and social behavior in a group of baboons (Papio anubis).Primates, 14: 67–78.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. ————,R. Plutchik, &H. Kellerman, 1978. Sex differences, dominance, and personality in the chimpanzee.Anim. Behav., 26: 123–129.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Driscoll, J. W. &P. Bateson, 1988. Animals in behavioural research.Anim. Behav., 36: 1569–1574.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Goodall, J., 1971.In the Shadow of Man. Houghton Mifflin, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  5. ————, 1987.The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of Behavior. Belknap, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Kellerman, H. &R. Plutchik, 1968. Emotion — trait interrelations and the measurement of personality.Psychol. Rep., 23: 1107–1114.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Martau, P. A., N. G. Caine, &D. K. Candland, 1985. Reliability of the Emotions Profile Index, primate form, withPapio hamadryas, Macaca fuscata, and twoSaimiri species.Primates, 26: 501–505.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Novak, M.A. &S. J. Suomi, 1988. Psychological well-being of primates in captivity.Amer. Psychol., 93: 765–773.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Plutchik, R., 1970. Emotions, evolution, and adaptive processes. In:Feelings and Emotions: The Loyola Symposium,M. Arnold (ed.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 1–24.

    Google Scholar 

  10. ————, 1980.Emotion: A Psychoevolutionary Synthesis. Harper & Row, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  11. ————, 1984. Emotions: A general psychoevolutionary theory. In:Approaches to Emotion,K. R. Scherer &P. Ekman (eds.), Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, New Jersey, pp. 197–219.

    Google Scholar 

  12. ————, 1989. Measuring emotions and their derivatives. In:The Measurement of Emotions,R. Plutchik &H. Kellerman (eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 1–35.

    Google Scholar 

  13. ———— &H. Kellerman, 1974.Manual for the Emotions Profile Index. Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

About this article

Cite this article

Buirski, P., Plutchik, R. Measurement of deviant behavior in a gombe chimpanzee: Relation to later behavior. Primates 32, 207–211 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02381177

Download citation

Key Words

  • Chimpanzee
  • Personality
  • Deviance
  • Emotions Profile Index