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Ionics

, Volume 2, Issue 3–4, pp 302–311 | Cite as

Electrochemical promotion of the NO reduction by C2H4 on Pt/YSZ and by CO on Pd/YSZ

  • M. Marwood
  • A. Kaloyannis
  • C. G. Vayenas
Article

Abstract

The effect of electrochemical promotion was investigated for the catalytic reduction of nitric oxide with ethylene and carbon monoxide on polycrystalline Pt and Pd, respectively, deposited on yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ).

It was found in both cases that applying negative potentials and thus lowering the catalyst work function results in a pronounced increase in the catalytic rate and in the selectivity to nitrogen. A 7-fold increase was observed for the NO+C2H4 reaction on Pt while a 2-fold increase was obtained for the NO+CO reaction on Pd. The induced changes in catalytic rates were found to be 7 to 50 times higher than the rates of ion transfer from the catalyst surface. In both reactions, the observed electrophilic behavior can be attributed to the strengthening of the chemisorptive NO bond and concomitant enhanced dissociation of NO as the catalyst potential and work function is decreased.

Forced periodic oscillations of the applied current was investigated and resulted in a enhanced production of CO2, but an intermediate selectivity towards N2, as compared to constant current application. The effect of the cycling waveform, frequency and amplitude was studied and provided evidence that the synergy observed during the cycling experiment results from a favorable transient coverage of adsorbed species on the catalyst surface as the catalyst potential oscillates from negative to positive values.

Keywords

Zirconia Carbon Monoxide Nitric Oxide C2H4 Work Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© IfI - Institute for Ionics 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Marwood
    • 1
  • A. Kaloyannis
    • 1
  • C. G. Vayenas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

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