Advertisement

Ionics

, Volume 5, Issue 5–6, pp 335–344 | Cite as

Color centres and polymorphism in pure WO3 and mixed (1−x)WO3−y·xReO2 powders

  • E. Cazzanelli
  • G. Mariotto
  • C. Vinegoni
  • A. Kuzmin
  • J. Purans
Article

Abstract

The relationship between structural transformations and colour centres creation is discussed for deeply coloured hydrogen tungsten bronzes and for pure WO3 powders, acquiring less intense colour after mechanical treatments of variable duration. A comparative study on coloration is made also for mixed compounds (1−x)WO3−y·xReO2, where an evidence of a resonance effect for a particular Raman band at 970 cm−1, attributed to the color centres, is observed. Besides, it is found that even moderate milling treatments result in a quite different structural evolution of tungsten trioxide upon cooling.

Keywords

Tungsten Milling Structural Transformation Mechanical Treatment Raman Band 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    C.G. Granqvist, Handbook on Inorganic Electrochromic Materials. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, 1995.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    V.E. Henrich and P.A. Cox, The Surface Science of Metal Oxides. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1994.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    S.K. Deb, Appl. Opt. Suppl.3, 192 (1969); S.K. Deb, Phil. Mag.27, 801 (1973).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    C.G. Granqvist, Appl. Phys. A57, 3 (1993).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    C.G. Granqvist, Solid State Ionics53/56, 479 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    C. Bechinger, D. Ebner, S. Herminghaus and P. Leiderer, Solid State Commun.89, 205 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    C. Bechinger, G. Oefinger, S. Herminghaus, P. Leiderer, J. Appl. Phys.74, 4527 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    I. Lefkowitz, M.B. Dowell and M.A. Shields, J. Solid State Chem.15, 24 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    E. Salje, A.F. Carley and M.W. Roberts, J. Solid State Chem. 29, 237 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    E. Cazzanelli, G. Mariotto, C. Vinegoni, A. Kuzmin and J. Purans, in: Electrochromic Materials and Their Applications III, (K.C. Ho, C.B. Greenberg, and D.M. MacArthur, Eds.) Proc. Electrochem. Soc.96–24, 260 (1996).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    A. Kuzmin, J. Purans, E. Cazzanelli, C. Vinegoni and G. Mariotto, J. Appl. Phys.84, 5515 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    J.B. Goodenough, Prog. Solid State Chem.5, 145 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    P.G. Dickens and R.J. Hurditch, Nature251, 1266 (1967).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    T. Iwai, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.15, 1596 (1960).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    M. Kawaminami, and T. Hirose, J. Phys. Soc. Japan.46, 864 (1979).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    E.K.H. Salje, S. Rehmann, F. Pobell, D. Morris, K.S. Knight, T. Herrmannsdörfer and M.T. Dove, J. Phys.C: Condens. Matter9, (1997) 6563; E.K.H. Salje, Ferroelectrics12, 215 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    S. Tanisaki, J. Phys. Soc. Japan.15, 566 (1960).Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    R. Diehl, G. Brand and E.K.H. Salje, Acta Crystallogr. B34, 1105 (1978).Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    P.W. Woodward, A.W. Sleight, and T. Vogt, J. Phys. Chem. Solids56, 1305 (1995).Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    B.O. Loopstra and P. Boldrini, Acta Crystallogr. B21, 158 (1966).Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    B.O. Loopstra and H.M. Rietveld, Acta Crystallogr. B25, 1420 (1969).Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    E.K.H. Salje, Acta Crystallogr. B33, 574 (1975).Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    K.L. Kehl, R.G. Hay, and D. Wahl, J. Appl. Phys.23, 212 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    E. Cazzanelli, C. Vinegoni, G. Mariotto, A. Kuzmin and J. Purans, J. Solid State Chem.143, 24 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    P.G. Dickens, J.H. Moore and D.J. Neild, J. Solid State Chem.7, 241 (1973).Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    C. Genin, A. Driouiche, B. Gerand and M. Figlarz, Solid State Ionics53–56, 315 (1992).Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    E. Cazzanelli, C. Vinegoni, G. Mariotto, A. Kuzmin and J. Purans, Solid State Ionics123, 67 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    E.V. Gabrusenok, Sov. Phys. Solid State26, 2226 (1984).Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    M.F. Daniel, B. Desbat, J.C. Lessegues, B. Gerand and M. Figlarz, J. Solid State Chem.67, 235 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    E.K.H. Salje, J. Appl. Cryst.7, 615 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    A. Kuzmin and J. Purans, J. Phys.C: Condens. Matter5, 2333 (1993).Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    E.V. Gabrusenok, Lattice Dynamics of Tungsten Trioxide, in: Electrochromism. Reports of Latvian University, Latvian University, Riga, 1987, pp. 100–110.Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    E.K.H. Salje and K. Viswanathan, Acta Crystallogr. A31, 356 (1975).Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    E.K.H. Salje, Acta Crystallogr. A31, 360 (1975).Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    M. Arai, S. Hayashi, K. Yamamoto and S.S. Kim, Solid State Commun.75, 613 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    S. Hayashi, H. Sugano, H. Arai and K. Yamamoto, J. Phys. Soc. Japan.61, 916 (1992).Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    A. Anderson, Spectroscopy Lett.9, 809 (1976).Google Scholar
  38. [38]
    T. Hirose, J. Phys.Soc. Japan.49, 562 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    J.V. Gabrusenoks, P.D. Cikmach, A.R. Lusis, J.J. Kleperis, G.M. Ramans, Solid State Ionics14, 25 (1984); M.F. Daniel, B. Desbat, J.C. Lassegues, R. Garie, J. Solid State Chem.73, 127 (1988); P. Delichere, P. Falaras, M. Froment, A. Hugot-Le Goff, Thin Solid Films161, 35 (1988); T. Nanba, Y. Nishiyama, I. Yasui, J. Mater. Res.6, 1324 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    F.H. Jones, K. Rawlings, J.S. Foord, R.G. Egdell, J.B. Pethica, B.M.R. Wanklyn, S.C. Parker and P.M. Oliver, Surf. Sci.359, 107 (1996); F.H. Jones, K. Rawlings, J.S. Foord, P.A. Cox, R.G. Egdell, J.B. Pethica and B.M.R. Wanklyn, Phys. Rev. B52, R14392 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    F.H. Jones, K. Rawlings, S.C. Parker, J.S. Foord, P.A. Cox, R.G. Egdell and J.B. Pethica, Surf. Sci.336, 181 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© IfI - Institute for Ionics 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Cazzanelli
    • 1
  • G. Mariotto
    • 2
  • C. Vinegoni
    • 3
  • A. Kuzmin
    • 4
  • J. Purans
    • 4
  1. 1.Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia and Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità della CalabriaArcavacata di Rende (Cosenza)Italy
  2. 2.Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia and Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di TrentoTrentoItaly
  3. 3.Dept. of Physics, GAP OptiqueUniversity of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  4. 4.Institute of Solid State PhysicsRigaLatvia

Personalised recommendations