New solid state fuel cells - green power source for 21st century
- 91 Downloads
The exhaustion of the major fossil energy sources on earth in near future and the serious environmental pollution from the fuel combustion processes in the presently applied technologies are the most important problems of modern society. The sustainable development of mankind requests strongly to develop “green” power devices characterized by high fuel energy conversion efficiency, less pollution to the environment and convenience to use.
Fuel cells have been commonly accepted to be a kind of clean, safe and convenient power source with high energy efficiency and are on the verge of revolutionizing the electric power industry by offering better ways to produce electricity and to deliver it to the consumers.
Among all the advanced fuel cells being developed, which one might be the better choice for ideal green power generators in the 21st century? The answer is solid state fuel cells, particularly the solid oxide fuel cells(SOFCs) but not in the present stage of development. The new generation of SOFCs will certainly be based on all the results and experiences achieved so far in the fuel cell field and a lot of R & D work has to be performed furthermore.
This paper attempts to present the current status of the R & D work on fuel cells, especially SOFCs, new concepts and trends, problems and possible measures which may initiate further discussion.
The best electric power plants for the 21st Century
R & D on SOFCs: current status, problems and new trends
Intermediate temperature SOFCs - what do we need to do?
Fabrication techniques - soft chemistry routes
What to do for coming up with “green” power plants?
KeywordsFuel Cell Energy Efficiency 21st Century Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Fossil Energy
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- G.Y. Meng and D.K. Peng, “Inorganic Membrane Based Technology for Green Industrial Processes and Resource Performance”, Proceedings of 3rd Int. Conference on ECOMATERIALS, p. 215, Sept. 10–12, 1997, Tsukuba, Japan.Google Scholar
- M.C. Williams, “Advanced Fuel Cell Systems - A Revolutionary Power Technology”, Advanced Power Systems, 1997.Google Scholar
- R.C. Porter, “Solid oxide fuel cell passes factory text”, DOE Fossile Energy Techline, Issued on Nov. 4, 1997.Google Scholar
- N.Q. Minh and T. Takahashi, Science and Technology of Ceramic Fuel Cells, Elsevier, New York, 1995.Google Scholar
- S.P.S. Badwal and K. Foger, “Solid Oxide Electrolyte Fuel Cell Review”, Ceramic International22, 257 (1996).Google Scholar
- S.C. Singhal and H. Iwahara, eds., Proceedings of the Third Int. Symp. on SOFCs,(SOFC-III), May 16–21, 1993, Honolulu, Hawaii.Google Scholar
- M. Dokiya, O. Yamamoto, H. Tagama, eds., Proceedings of the Fourth Int. Sysmp. on SOFCs (SOFC-IV), June 18–23, 1995, Yokohama, Japan.Google Scholar
- B. Thorstensen, ed., Proceedings of European Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Forum, May 6–10, 1996, Oslo, Norway.Google Scholar
- A. Hammou and J. Guindet, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, in: The CRC Handbook of Solid State Electrochemistry, CRC Press. Inc., 1997, p. 407.Google Scholar
- W.Y. Liu, S.W. Tao, D.K. Peng and G.Y. Meng, “Proton conductor Fuel Cells: Status and Prospects”, Intl. Colloquium on New Solid State Fuel Cells, Xiangshan, Beijing, June 14–17, 1998; Ionics4, ? (1998).Google Scholar
- Shanwen Tao, Ph. D. Thesis, Univ. Sci. Tech. of China, Hefei, 1998.Google Scholar
- S. Tao, W. Liu, G. Meng and D. Peng, submitted for publishing in SSI, 1998.Google Scholar
- S. de Souda, S.J. Visco and L.C. de Joughe, “Thin -film solid oxide fuel cell with high performance at low-temperature” in ref. , p. 677.Google Scholar
- K. Asano, T. Hibino and H. Iwahara, J. Electrochem. Soc.142, 3241 (1995).Google Scholar
- W.L. Worrell, P. Han, Y. Uchimoto and P.K. Davies, in: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (M. Dokiya, O. Yamamoto, H. Tagawa and S.C. Singhal, eds.) The Electrochemical Soc., INC., Pennington, (1995) p. 50.Google Scholar
- H.M. Williams, C. Williams and J.E. Schemitt et al., in ref. , p. 783.Google Scholar
- M. Sahibzada, B.C.H. Steele and K. Zhang, et al., in ref. , p. 687.Google Scholar
- K. Tanida et al., in ref. , p. 92, 1993.Google Scholar
- T. Ishihara, H. Matsuda and Y. Takita, Solid State Ionics79, 147 (1995).Google Scholar
- T. Ishihara, M. Honda, T. Shibayama, Haruyoshi Furutani,Intl. Colloquium on New Solid State Fuel Cells, Xiangshan, Beijing, June 14–17, 1998; Ionics4, ? (1998).Google Scholar
- T. Tsai, E. Perry and S. Barnett, J. Electrochem. Soc.144, L130 (1997).Google Scholar
- G. Meng and D. Peng, “Soft chemical routes for inorganic membrane fabrications”, accepted by the 5th international conference on Inorganic Membranes, Nagoya, Japan, June 23–28, 1998.Google Scholar
- H.T. Wang, X.Q. Liu, Y. Zhou, D.K. Peng and G.Y. Meng, Membrane Science and Technology17, 44 (1997).Google Scholar
- H.T. Wang, X.Q. Liu, and G.Y. Meng, Mater. Res. Bull.32, 1705 (1997).Google Scholar
- G.Y. Meng, H.T. Wang, W.J. Zheng and X.Q. Liu, Advances in Technology of Materials and Materials Processing Journal (ATM), in press, 1998.Google Scholar
- H. Zhang, H.T. Wang, X.Q. Liu and G.Y. Meng, J. Mate. Res. (in Chinese), in press, 1998.Google Scholar
- G.Y. Meng, G.Y. Bao and D.K. Peng, Chinese Patent No. 87103947 (1987).Google Scholar
- C.R. Xia, F. Wu, Z.J. Meng, F.Q. Li, D.K. Peng and G.Y. Meng, J. Membrane Sci.116, 9 (1996).Google Scholar
- D.K. Peng, T. Liu, P.H. Yang, C.R. Xia and G.Y. Meng, Chinese Patent Appl. No. 94103126.8.Google Scholar
- D.K. Peng, T. Liu, P.H. Yang, C.R. Xia and G.Y. Meng, Chemical Research in Chinese Universities,13, 268 (1997).Google Scholar
- Shen Yusheng, Chen Chunhua et al., J. Inorganic Materials (in Chinese)8, ? (1993).Google Scholar
- G.Y. Meng, D.K. Peng, Q. Fang, C.L. Wang et al., Chinese Patent No. 88100403 (1988).Google Scholar
- D.K. Peng, P.H. Yang, Z.T. Liu and G.Y. Meng, Chem. Res. J. of Chinese Uni.18, 499 (1997).Google Scholar
- D.K. Peng, Q. Fang, K.A. Hu and G.Y. Meng, Proc. 8th Inlt. Conf. of Plasma Chemistry, P1142, Tokyo, Japan, Aug. 30 – Sept. 5 (1987).Google Scholar
- C.H. Chen, C.L. Wang, G.Y. Meng and D.K. Peng, Bull. of Chinese Ceram. Soc.9, 58 (1990).Google Scholar
- D.K. Peng, G.Y. Meng, C.B. Cao, et al., J. PhysiqueC5, 149 (1989).Google Scholar
- G.Y. Meng, C.B. Cao, W.J. Yu and D.K. Peng, Key Engineering Materials61&62, 11 (1991).Google Scholar
- G.Y. Meng, G. Zhou, R. Scheider, B.K. Sarma and M. Levy, Physica C, Superconductivity214, 297 (1993).Google Scholar
- M. Pan, G. Meng, H. Xin, C. Chen, D. Peng and Y. Lin, Thin Solid Films323, 89 (1998).Google Scholar