, Volume 5, Issue 3–4, pp 269–274 | Cite as

General equivalent circuit of batteries and fuel cells

  • R. A. Huggins


A general electrical circuit is described whose properties are analogous to those of fuel cells and batteries. It is shown how this equivalent circuit model can show the influence of changes in material parameters upon the output of such physical systems. As an example, the significance of the transference numbers of minority electronic and ionic charge carriers in the electrolyte on the output voltage of fuel cells and batteries is readily seen.


Physical Chemistry Analytical Chemistry Fuel Cell Charge Carrier Electronic Material 
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13. References

  1. [1]
    I.D. Raistrick and R.A. Huggins, “The Transient Response of Electrochemical Systems Containing Insertion Reaction Electrodes”, Solid State Ionics7, 213 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© IfI - Institute for Ionics 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Huggins
    • 1
  1. 1.Technische FakultätChristian-Albrechts-Universität Kaiserstr.KielGermany

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