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Electrochemical promotion of CH4 oxidation on Pd

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Abstract

The effect of Non-Faradaic Electrochemical Modification of Catalytic Activity (NEMCA effect) or Electrochemical Promotion (EP) was used to promote the methane oxidation reaction to CO2 and H2O over Pd polycrystalline films interfaced with yttria-stabilized zirconia in galvanic cells of the type: CH4, O2, CO2, Pd/YSZ/Au, CH4, O2, CO2

It was found that by applying positive potentials or currents and thus, supplying O2− onto the catalyst surface, up to 90-fold increases in CH4 oxidation catalytic rate can be obtained. The induced changes in catalytic rate were two orders of magnitude higher than the corresponding rate of ion transfer to the catalyst-electrode surface, i.e. faradaic efficiency Λ values above 100 can be attained. The reaction exhibits electrophobic behavior under the experimental conditions of the investigation. The results can be rationalized on the basis of the theoretical considerations invoked to explain NEMCA behavior, i.e. the effect of changing work function on chemisorptive bond strengths of catalytically active electron donor or acceptor adsorbates.

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Giannikos, A., Frantzis, A.D., Pliangos, C. et al. Electrochemical promotion of CH4 oxidation on Pd. Ionics 4, 53–60 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02375780

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Keywords

  • Catalytic Rate
  • Polycrystalline Film
  • Faradaic Efficiency
  • Electrochemical Promotion
  • Change Work Function