Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 21–28 | Cite as

Computer assessment of vertebral deformity (report 1)

  • Tomoji Deguchi
  • Tetsuo Inoue
  • Kazuhiro Kushida
  • Yoshihiko Sumi
  • Hajime Orimo
  • Gentaro Yamashita
Original Articles

Abstract

We used a computer to assess the degrees and types of the vertebral deformity on simple lateral X-ray pictures of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. We studied X-ray pictures of 120 females who were diagnosed as having postmenopausal or senile osteoporosis. The vertebral deformities were classified into five types; N: normal; I: vertex vertebra; II: fish vertebra; III: vertebra plana; IV: reverse vertex vertebra. Also, visual assessment of X-ray pictures was carried out by physicians. 3,018 of a total of 3,419 vertebral bodies were judged as normal (N) by physicians. 2,904 of these 3,018 vertebral bodies were judged normal (N) by our computer method. The rate of conformity was 96.22%. For vertex vertebra (I), fish vertebra (II) and vertebra plana (III), the rate of conformity the was 84.64%, 90.48% and 60.56% respectively. As a judgement of the presence/absence of the vertebral deformity, the computer method indicated that 114 of 3,018 vertebral bodies judged to be normal (N) by physicians were more or less deformed.

Key Words

Vertebral deformity osteoporosis vertex vertebra fish vertebra vertebra plana 

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Bone Metabolism Research 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomoji Deguchi
    • 1
  • Tetsuo Inoue
  • Kazuhiro Kushida
  • Yoshihiko Sumi
  • Hajime Orimo
    • 2
  • Gentaro Yamashita
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, HamamatsuUniversity School of MedicineHamamatsu CityJapan
  2. 2.Department of Geriatrics, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TokyoTokyo
  3. 3.Teijin Institute for Bio-Medical ResearchTokyo

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