Plant and Soil

, Volume 96, Issue 2, pp 279–285 | Cite as

Growth response ofTheobroma cacao L. seeldings to inoculation with vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

  • Azizah Chulan (Hashim)
  • P. Ragu


The effects of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza (VAM) on the growth and phosphorus uptake of cocoa seedlings (Theobroma cacao L.) grown for 100 days in polythene bags, were studied at five levels of phosphorus fertilization in both steamed and unsterile Bungor Series soil (a fine clayey, kaolinitic isohyperthermic Typic Paleudult).

The cocoa seedlings responded well to phosphorus fertilization and mycorrhizal treatments. Plants inoculated with VAM fungi (Gigaspora spp.) gave the most vigorous growth and higher phosphorus in the leaf tissues in unsterile soil compared to plants grown in steamed soil. However, the mycorrhizal effect was significantly more pronounced (P<0.01) in plants grown in steamed than in unsterile soil. High levels of phosphorus application depressed mycorrhizal development. Phosphorus fertilizer applied at the rates of 250 and 500 ug g−1 soil gave maximum root colonization and spore counts in both soil types used.

Key words

Mycorrhiza Phosphorus Plant growth Theobroma cacao 


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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azizah Chulan (Hashim)
    • 1
  • P. Ragu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceUniversiti Pertanian Malaysia SerdangSelangorMalaysia

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