Effect of 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 on bone metabolic disorders in gastrectomized rats
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The effect of 1α-hydroxyvitamin D3 (1α(OH)D3) on the metabolic bone disorders developed in gastrectomized rats were investigated biochemically and histomorphologically. 1α(OH)D3 was suspended in 0.2 % Triton-X-100 aqueous solution after dissolving in a very small amount of ethanol, was given orally to the rats for 10 weeks. The sham operated animals and the gastrectomy control animals received the vehicle alone. Gastrectomy was followed by the development of the metabolic bone disorders after 10 weeks of observation. This was characterized by reduction in ash content of the femur and histologically by a disappearance of the trabecular bone in tibial metaphysis. Decrease Ca absorption from the intestines was demonstrated by a radiotracer technique. Biochemical studies showed significant decreases in serum 25(OH)D concentration in gastrectomized rats. These findings suggest that gastrectomy partially impairs intestinal absorption of calcium and results in a negative calcium balance, which may contribute to the development of bone metabolic disorders in rats. The administration of 1α(OH)D3 increased dose-dependently serum calcium and Ca absorption from the intestine and prevented the development of bone metabolic disorders histomorphologically.
Key WordsGastrectomy Bone Metabolic Disorder 1α-hydroxy vitamin D3
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