The effect of leaf exudates on the spore germination of phylloplane mycoflora of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivars

Summary

Ninetten aminoacids, twelve sugars, eleven organic acids and ten phenols were detected in the leaf exudates of three cultivars of chilli. The number of aminoacids, sugars, organic acids and phenols increased as the plants grew older. More aminoacids and sugars were detected in the exudate from the susceptible cultivar (Malwa). More organic acids and phenols were detected from the resistant cultivar (Simla). The leaf exudate of the resistant cultivar (Simla) inhibited spore germination of the pathogen (Alternaria solani) while that of susceptible (Malwa) stimulated spore germination. The cultivar ‘Patna’ which is moderately resistant, occupied an intermediate position.

Spore germination of the isolated fungi was enhanced in leaf exudate of susceptible cultivar (Malwa), while leaf exudates of the moderately resistant (Patna) and resistant (Simla) inhibited spore germination of the majority of fungi isolated. Most of the antagonistic fungi were not isolated from the susceptible cultivar and the percentage spore germination of these fungi was less in leaf exudate of the susceptible cultivar, while leaf exudates of resistant cultivars enhanced the percentage spore germination of antagonistic fungi,viz Aspergillus flavus, A. fumigatus, A. versicolor, Penicillium citrinum, P. restrictum andTrichoderma viride.

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Tyagi, V.K., Chauhan, S.K. The effect of leaf exudates on the spore germination of phylloplane mycoflora of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivars. Plant Soil 65, 249–256 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02374655

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Key words

  • Capsicum annuum
  • Chilli
  • Leaf exudates
  • Inhibition
  • Phylloplane
  • Stimulation