An evaluation of carbon disulphide as a sulphur fertilizer and as a nitrification inhibitor
There was little release of extractable SO4-S during four weeks from CS2 applied by injecting into two S-deficient soils. In this incubation experiment, the rate of CS2 was 30 μg S g−, placement was injection at 9 cm depth, soil temperature was 20°C, and soil moisture tension was 33 kPa. The yield of barley forage after seven weeks in the greenhouse showed only small increases from 10 or 30 μg S g−1 of CS2 as compared to Na2SO4, on the two soils.
While CS2 supplied little plant available S in the short term, it was an effective inhibitor of nitrification. In the laboratory, or in the field, the injection of CS2 (with N fertilizers) at a point 9 cm into the soils either stopped or reduced nitrification. In one laboratory experiment, 35 μg of CS2 g−1 of soil with urea reduced nitrification for at least four weeks; and in another experiment 20 μg of CS2 g−1 of soil with aqua NH3 nearly or completely inhibited nitrification at 20 days. In two field experiments, 3 and 12 μg of CS2 g−1 of soil (or 6 and 24 kg ha−1) with aqua NH3 inhibited nitrification from October to the subsequent May. In addition, CS2 reduced the amount of ammonium produced from the soil N, both in these two field experiments and in the laboratory experiments. That is to say, CS2 injected at a point, inhibited both nitrification and ammonification.
In other field experiments, CS2 at a rate of 10 kg ha−1 was injected in bands 9 cm deep with urea in October, and by May there was still reduced nitrification. Less than half of the fall-applied urea alone was recovered as mineral N, but with the application of CS2 the recovery was increased to three-quarters.
The yield and N uptake of barley grain was increased where fall-applied banded urea or aqua NH3 received banded CS2, (NH4)2CS3, or K2CS3. The average increase in yield from fall-applied fertilizer, from inhibitor with fall-applied fertilizer, and from spring-applied fertilizer was 800, 1370, and 1900 kg ha−1, respectively. In the same order, the apparent % recovery of fertilizer N in grain was 24, 42, and 60.
Key wordsAmmonification inhibitor Ammonium trithiocarbonate Aqua ammonia Band placement Carbon disulphide Fall-applied N Mineralization of soil N Nitrification inhibitor Point placement Potassium trithiocarbonate Sulphur fertilizer Thiourea
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