Entomophaga

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 139–154 | Cite as

Etudes comparatives de l'influence de la température et de la nourriture sur le développement deAmblyseius andersoni, Neoseiulus fallacis, Galendromus longipilus etTyphlodromus pyri [Acari: Phytoseiidae]

  • M. Genini
  • A. Klay
  • J. Baumgärtner
  • V. Delucchi
  • M. Baillod
Article

Résumé

L'étude en laboratoire de la biologie du développement deAmblyseius andersoni, Neoseiulus fallacis, Galendromus longipilus etTyphlodromus pyri a permis de calculer les seuils de développement et le taux intrinsèque d'accroissement naturel à 20°C lorsque ces espèces sont nourries avecTetranychus urticae. Le taux de fécondité spécifique à l'âge des 4 espèces a été déterminé en utilisant comme proie soitT. urticae, soitPanonychus ulmi. PourA. andersoni et pourT. pyri, P. ulmi constitue une nourriture meilleure queT. urticae, contrairement àN. fallacis etG. longipilus, dont le taux d'accroissement est supérieur quand ils se nourrissent deT. urticae. PourG. longipilus, P. ulmi constitue même une nourriture nettement suboptimale. Pour les femelles de toutes les espèces on a pu mettre en évidence la faculté d'adapter le taux de fécondité et la durée d'oviposition au nombre des proies disponibles. En termes de fécondité, cela permet à ces espèces de réaliser presque tout leur potentiel, indépendamment de la ration quotidienne de nourriture.

Mots Clés

tables de survie Amblyseius andersoni Neoseiulus fallacis Galendromus longipilus Typhlodromus pyri 

Summary

The developmental biology ofAmblyseius andersoni, Neoseiulus fallacis, Galendromus longipilus andTyphlodromus pyri was studied in the laboratory to compute developmental thresholds and intrinsic rates of increase at 20°C in presence of the preyTetranychus urticae. The age specific fecundity was also studied for the 4 species fed eitherT. urticae orPanonychus ulmi. The latter species proved to be a better food source forA. andersoni andT. pyri, while the opposite was true for the other 2 predator species.P. ulmi was clearly a suboptimal prey species forG. longipilus. The females of all 4 predatory species were able to adjust daily fecundity rates and period of oviposition to the amount of prey available. In terms of fecundity, this almost permitted them to achieve their whole potential, even under conditions of limited food.

Key-Words

life tables Amblyseius andersoni Neoseiulus fallacis Galendromus longipilus Typhlodromus pyri 

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Copyright information

© Lavoisier Abonnements 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Genini
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Klay
    • 1
    • 3
  • J. Baumgärtner
    • 4
  • V. Delucchi
    • 4
  • M. Baillod
    • 1
  1. 1.Station Fédérale de Recherches AgronomiqueSuisse
  2. 2.Projet lutte intégréeStation AlaotraMadagascar
  3. 3.International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Substation CotonouCalavi-CotonouR.P. Bénin
  4. 4.Division de PhytiatrieInstitut des Sciences des Plantes EPFSuisse

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