Skip to main content

Results of the fifth joint pesticide testing programme carried out by the IOBC/WPRS-Working Group “Pesticides and beneficial organisms”

Abstract

Laboratory, semi field and field tests to assess the side effects of 20 pesticides on 19 different beneficial organisms were carried out by members of the Working Group “Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms” of the International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC), West Palearctic Regional Section (WPRS). This 5th joint pesticide testing programme of the working group was carried out by 21 participants in 11 European countries. The pesticides (7 insecticides, 8 fungicides and 5 herbicides), that were chosen for their possible selectivity, were tested according to internationally approved principles.

Among the 20 preparations tested, the insecticides Apollo SOSC, Cesar S.L., the fungicides Baycor, Delan flüssig, Vitigran, Impact, Rovral PM, and the herbicides Luxan 2,4-D amine, Ally and Dirigol-N were harmless to nearly all the beneficial organisms tested and are recommended for use in integrated control programmes. The further testing of the remaining 10 preparations is recommended.

The activities of the working group to complete the development of urgently needed sequential procedure to test the side effects of pesticides on beneficial organisms based on standard laboratory, semi field and field methods and the need for more international cooperation are discussed.

Résumé

Les essais de tous niveaux (depuis le laboratoire jusqu'au plein champ) pour établir les effets de 20 pesticides sur 19 organismes utiles différents, ont été menés par les membres du groupe de travail «Pesticides et Organismes utiles» de l'OILB/SROP. Ce 5e programme coordonné d'essais pesticides a été réalisé par 21 participants appartenant à 11 pays européens. Les pesticides (7 insecticides, 8 fongicides et 5 herbicides) qui furent choisis en fonction de leur sélectivité possible ont été essayés selon les principes internationaux approuvés.

Parmi les 20 préparations essayées les acaricides Appolo SOSC, Cesa S.KL.; les fongicides Baycor, Delan, Vitigran, Impact, Rovral PM et les herbicides Luxan 2,4-D amine, Ally et Dirigol-N furent sans danger pour presque tous les organismes utiles essayés et furent recommandés pour les programmes de Lutte Intégrée. L'essai ultérieur des 10 préparations restantes est recommandé.

Les activités du groupe de travail pour terminer le développement d'une procédure urgente pour contrôler les effets secondaires des pesticides sur les organismes utiles et la nécessité d'une coopération plus internationale sont discutées.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Bogenschütz, H. — 1975. Prüfung des Einflusses von Pflanzenschutz mitteln auf Nutzinsekten. —Z. Angew. Entomol., 77, 438–444.

    Google Scholar 

  • — — 1984. Über die Wirkung von Pflanzenbehandlungsmitteln auf die Parasitierungsleistung der SchlupfwespeCoccygomimus turionellae. —Nachrichtenbl. Deut. Pflanzenschutzd., Braunschweig, 36, 65–67.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bogenschütz, H., Albert, R., Hradetzky, J. &Kublin, E. — 1986. Ein Beitrag zur Prüfung der unerwünschten Wirkung von Pflanzenbehandlingsmitteln auf Nutzarthropoden im Laboratorium. —Agrar- und Umweltforschung in Baden-Württemberg, 11, 5–25.

    Google Scholar 

  • Boness, M., Englert, W. D., Haub, G., Lyre, H., Schropp, A., Schruft, G., Wirth, W. &Stellwaag-Kittler, F. — 1982. RIchtlinie für die Prüfung der Auswirkung von Pflanzenbehandlungsmitteln auf Raubmilben im Weinbau.BBA, Braunschweig.

    Google Scholar 

  • IOBC/WPRS Bulletin, XI/4. — 1988. Working Group “Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms”, Guide-lines for testing the effects of pesticides on beneficials: short description of test methods, 143 pp.

  • Franz, J. M., Bogenschütz, H., Hassan, S. A., Huang, P., Naton, E., Suter, H. &Viggiani, G. — 1980. Results of a joint pesticide test programme by the Working Group “Pesticides and Beneficial Arthropods”. —Entomophaga, 25, 231–236.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Garrido, A., Tarancon, J. & Busto, T. del. — 1987. Pesticides toxicity over nymphal stages ofCales noacki How. [Hym.: Aphelinidae] (in print).

  • Hassan, S. A. — 1974. Eine Methode zur Prüfung der Einwirkung von Pflanzenschutzmitteln auf Eiparasiten der GattungTrichogramma [Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae]. Ergebnisse einer Versuchsreihe mit Fungiziden. —Z. Angew. Entomol., 76, 120–134.

    Google Scholar 

  • — — 1977. Standardized techniques for testing side-effects of pesticides on beneficial arthropods in the laboratory. —Z. Pflanzenkrankh., Pflanzensch., 84, 158–163.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • — — 1980. Reproduzierbare Laborverfahren zur Prüfung der Schadwikungsdauer von Pflanzenschutzmitteln auf Eiparasiten der GattungTrichogramma [Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae]. —Z. Angew. Entomol., 89, 282–289.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hassan, S. A., Bigler, F., Bogenschütz, H., Brown, J. U., Firth, S. I., Huang, P., Ledieu, M. S., Naton, E., Oomen, P. A., Overmeer, W. P. J., Rieckmann, W., Samsøe-Petersen, L., Viggiani, G. &Zon, A. Q. van. — 1983. Results of the second joint pesticides testing programme by the IOBC/WPRS Working Group “Pesticides and Beneficial Arthropods”. —Z. Angew. Entomol., 95, 151–158.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hassan, S. A., Bigler, F., Blaisinger, P., Bogenschütz, H., Brun, J., Chiverton, P., Dickler, E., Easterbrook, M. A., Edwards, P. J., Englert, W. D., Firth, S. I., Huang, P., Inglesfield, C., Klingauf, F., Kühner, C., Ledieu, M. S., Naton, E., Oomen, P. A., Overmeer, W. P. J., Plevoets, P., Reboulet, J. N., Rieckmann, W., Samsøe-Petersen, L., Shires, S. W., Stäubli, A., Stevenson, J., Tuset, J. J., Vanwetswinkel, G. &Zon, A. Q. van. — 1985. Standard methods to test the side-effects of pesticides on natural enemies of insects and mites developed by the IOBC/WPRS Working Group “Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms”. —Bull. OEPP/EPPO Bull., 15, 214–255.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hassan, S. A., Albert, R., Bigler, F., Blaisinger, P., Bogenschütz, H., Boller, E., Brun, J., Chiverton, P., Edwards, P., Englert, W. D., Huang, P., Inglesfield, C., Naton, E., Oomen, P. A., Overmeer, W. P. J., Rieckmann, W., Samsøe-Petersen, L., Stäubli, A., Tuset, J. J., Viggiani, G. &Vanwetswinkel, G. — 1987. Results of the third joint pesticide testing programme by the IOBC/WPRS Working Group “Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms”. —Z. Angew. Entomol. 103, 92–107.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Hassan, S. A., Bigler, F., Bogenschütz, H., Boller, E., Brun, J., Chiverton, P., Edwards, P., Mansour, F., Naton, E., Oomen, P. A., Overmeer, W. P. J., Polgar, L., Rieckmann, W., Samsøe-Petersen, L., Stäubli, A., Sterk, G., Tavares, K., Tuset, J. J., Viggiani, G. &Vivas, A. G. — 1988. Results of the fourth joint pesticide testing programme carried out by the IOBC/WPRS-Working Group “Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms”. —Z. Angew. Entomol., 105, 321–329.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heimbach, U. — 1988. Nebenwirkungen einiger Fungizide auf Insekten. —Nachrichtenbl. Deut. Pflanzenschutzd. (Braunschweig), 40, 180–183.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Hoogcarspel, A. P. &Jobsen, J. A. — 1984. Laboratory method for testing the side effects of pesticides onEncarsia formosa [Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae]. Results with pesticides used on tomato in glasshouses in the Netherlands. —Z. Angew. Entomol., 97, 268–278.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Huang, P. — 1981. Zur Laborzucht vonPales pavida Meig. [Dipt.: Tachinidae] am ErsatzwirtGalleria mellonella L. [Lep.: Galleriidae]. —Z. Pflanzenkrankh., Pflanzensch., 88, 177–188.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mansour, F. &Nentwig, W. — 1988. Effects of agrochemical residues on four spider taxa: Laboratory methods for pesticide tests with web-building spiders. —Phytoparasitica, 16, 317–325.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Naton, E. — 1983. Testing the side-effects of pesticides onPhygadeuon trichops. —Anz. Schädlingskde., Pflanzensch., Umweltsch., 56, 82–91.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Oomen, P.; — 1985. Guideline for the evaluation of side-effects of pesticides.Encarsia formosa. —Bull. OEPP/EPPO Bull., 15, 257–265.

    Google Scholar 

  • Overmeer, W. P. J. &Zon, A. Q. van. — 1982. A standardized method for testing the side effects of pesticides on the predacious miteAmblyseius potentillae Garman [Acarina: Phytoseiidae]. —Entomophaga, 27, 357–364.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Plattner, H. C. & Naton, E. — 1975. Zur Prüfung der Auswirkung von Pflanzenschutzmitteln auf Nutzarthropoden. —Bay. Landw. Jb., 143–147.

  • Samsøe-Petersen, L. — 1983. Laboratory method for testing side effects of pesticides on juvenile stages of the predatory mite,Phytoseiulus persimilis [Acarina, Phytoseiidae] based on detached bean leaves. —Entomophaga, 28, 167–178.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • — — 1987. Laboratory method for testing side-effects of pesticides on the rove beetleAleochara bilineata-adults. —Entomophaga, 32, 73–81.

    Google Scholar 

  • Samsøe-Petersen, L., Bigler, F., Bogenschütz, H., Boller, E., Brun, J., Hassan, S. A., Kühner, C., Mansour, F., Naton, E., Oomen, P. A., Overmeer, W. P. J., Polgar, L., Rieckmann, W. &Stäubli, A. — 1989. Laboratory rearing techniques for 16 beneficial arthropod species and their prey/hosts. —Z. Pflanzenkrankh., Pflanzensch., 96, 289–316.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stäubli, A., Hächler, M., Antonin, P. &Mittaz, C. — 1984. Tests de nocivite de divers pesticides envers les ennemis naturels des principaux ravageurs des vergers de poiriers en Suisse romande. —Revue suisse Vitic. Arboric. Hortic., 16, 279–286.

    Google Scholar 

  • Suter, H. — 1978. Prüfung der Einwirkung von Pflanzenschutzmitteln auf die NutzarthropodenartChrysopa carnea Steph. [Neuroptera: Chrysopidae]. —Methodik und Ergebnisse. Schweiz. landw. Forschung, 17, 37–44.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tuset, J. J. — 1975. Effets d'inhibition du développement du champignonCephalosporium lecanii Zimm. «in vitro» causés par des produits antiparasitaires. —VIII th Intern. Plant Protection Congress, V. Biological and Genetic Control, pp. 201–208. Moscow.

  • Tuset, J. J. — 1988.Verticillium lecanii, hongo entomopatógeno que combate en los agrios al coccido “caparreta” (Saissetia oleae). —Phytoma, Espana (4), 31–35.

    Google Scholar 

  • Viggiani, G. &Tranfaglia, A. — 1978. A method for laboratory test of side-effects of pesticides onLeptomastix dactylopii (How.). [Hym.: Encyrtidae]. —Boll. Lab. Entomol. Agr. Portici, 35, 8–15.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hassan, S.A., Bigler, F., Bogenschütz, H. et al. Results of the fifth joint pesticide testing programme carried out by the IOBC/WPRS-Working Group “Pesticides and beneficial organisms”. Entomophaga 36, 55–67 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02374636

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02374636

Key-Words

  • pesticides
  • side effects
  • beneficial arthropods
  • parasites
  • predators
  • entomopathogenic fungi
  • IOBC

Mots Clés

  • pesticides
  • effets secondaires
  • arthropodes utiles parasites
  • prédateurs
  • champignons entomopathogènes
  • OILB