‘Chillum’ jar, a better technique for screening of rhizobia under summer conditions
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In the present investigations ‘Chillum’ jar assembly was found to provide more favourable environmental conditions for rhizobia to nodulate leguminous plants particularly under summer conditions than the usual Leonard jar assembly. When thirty pigeon pea rhizobia isolates were tested for their nodulation efficiency in both Leonard jars as well as ‘Chillum’ jars, it was noticed that there was no nodulation in any of the isolates under Leonard jars whereas all isolates were nodulating well under ‘Chillum’ jars conditions. This was probably due to lowering of temperature in ‘Chillum’ jar caused by rapid evaporation from the outer surface of ‘Chillum’ jar assembly. The maximum temperature recorded in ‘Chillum’ jar was 34°C whereas in Leonard jars it was 46.5°C.
Key Words‘Chillum jar’ Pigeon pea Rhizobia
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