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Entomophaga

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 435–446 | Cite as

Host specificity ofPterolonche inspersa [Lep.: Pterolonchidae] and its potential as a biological control agent forCentaurea diffusa, diffuse knapweed, andC. Maculosa, spotted knapweed

  • P. H. Dunn
  • S. S. Rosenthal
  • G. Campobasso
  • S. M. Tait
Article

Abstract

In 1981 the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Biological Control of Weeds Laboratory (BCWL, Rome, Italy) started investigating the host specificity ofP. inspersa as a candidate for biological control ofC. diffusa andC. maculosa, and in 1985 the investigation was completed at the USDA Biological Control of Weeds Laboratory at Albany, California. Thirty five species of plants in the familyAsteraceae and 23 other species in 8 related families were tested. Larval survival beyond 1st instar occurred only onCentaurea spp. except for 1 larva found inCnicus benedictus L.P. inspersa is stenophagous onCentaurea, therefore, a good candidate for introduction into North America.

Key-Words

Pterolonche inspersa Biological Control diffuse knapweed spotted knapweed Centaurea diffusa Centaurea maculosa North America 

Résumé

Le laboratoire de Lutte Biologique contre les Mauvaises Herbes du Département Américain de l'Agriculture (U.S.D.A.) situé à Rome, Italie, a entrepris en 1981 une étude concernant la spécificité deP. inspersa comme agent possible de lutte biologique contreC. diffusa etC. maculosa. Cette étude fut terminée par la suite en 1985 en Californie par le laboratoire de Lutte Biologique contre les Mauvaises Herbes (U.S.D.A.) d'Albany. Trente-cinq espèces de plantes de la famille desAsteraceae et 23 espèces de 8 autres familles apparentées ont été testées. La survie larvaire au-delà du 1cr stade a eu lieu uniquement surCentaurea spp. à l'exception d'une larve qui fut trouvée surCnicus benedictus L.

Mots Clés

Pterolonche inspersa lutte biologique Centaurea diffusa Centaurea maculosa Amérique du Nord 

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Copyright information

© Lavoisier Abonnements 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. H. Dunn
    • 1
  • S. S. Rosenthal
    • 2
  • G. Campobasso
    • 1
  • S. M. Tait
    • 2
  1. 1.USDA ARS Biological Control of Weeds Laboratory Europe (Rome Italy) American Embassy, Agriculture APO NYUSA
  2. 2.USDA ARS Biological Control of Weeds LaboratoryAlbany CaliforniaAlbany

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