Primates

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 587–591 | Cite as

The influence of male presence or absence on the reproductive cycle of celebes black ape females (Macaca nigra)

  • Irwin S. Bernstein
  • Katherine Bruce
  • Lawrence Williams
Short Communications

Abstract

The effect of male presence on female menstrual cycles was studied in a group of 13 adult female and 3 adult male Celebes black apes (Macaca nigra) living in an outdoor enclosure. When males were absent, all cycling females had longer durations of maximal perineal swelling. Overall cycle length also appeared to be longer when males were absent, but there was no statistically significant increase. The data suggest that male absence results in a longer late follicular stage, perhaps indicating a delay in ovulation. Whereas these findings do imply that male presence may influence female macaque reproductive condition, it is acknowledged that this effect is much weaker than the demonstrated influence of female macaques on male reproductive state.

Keywords

Adult Male Menstrual Cycle Adult Female Animal Ecology Cycle Length 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bernstein, I. S., 1971. Agonistic behavior during group formation and intergroup interactions in sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys).Proceed. 3rd Intern. Congr. Primatol., Vol.3, pp. 66–70.Google Scholar
  2. ————, 1977. Behavioral and hormonal responses of male rhesus monkeys introduced to females in the breeding and nonbreeding seasons.Anim. Behav., 25: 609–614.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhattacharyya, G. K. &R. A. Johnson, 1977.Statistical Concepts and Methods. John Wiley & Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Bruce, H. M., 1959. An exteroreceptive block to pregnancy in the mouse.Nature (London), 184: 105.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Colby, D. R. &J. G. Vandenbergh, 1974. Regulatory effects of urinary pheromones on puberty in the mouse.Biol. Reprod., 11: 268–279.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Gordon, T. P., I. S. Bernstein &R. M. Rose, 1978. Social and seasonal influences on testosterone secretion in the male rhesus monkey.Physiol. & Behav., 21: 623–627.Google Scholar
  7. ----,M. E. Wilson & I. S. Bernstein, in press. The role of social variables in mediating behavior response to increased androgen secretion.J. Comp. & Physiol. Psychol.Google Scholar
  8. Hadidian, J. &I. S. Bernstein, 1979. Female reproductive cycles and birth data from an Old World monkey colony.Primates, 21: 429–442.Google Scholar
  9. Vandenbergh, J. G., 1967. Effect of presence of a male on the sexual maturation of female mice.Endocrinology, 81: 345–349.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. ————, 1969a. Endocrine coordination in monkeys: Male sexual responses to the female.Physiol. & Behav., 4: 261–264.Google Scholar
  11. ————, 1969b. Male odor accelerates female sexual maturation in mice.Endocrinology, 84: 658–660.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. ————, 1973. Acceleration and inhibition of puberty in female mice by pheromones.J. Reprod. & Fert. Suppl., 19: 411–419.Google Scholar
  13. ————, 1976. Acceleration of sexual maturation in female rats by male stimulation.J. Reprod. & Fert., 46: 451–453.Google Scholar
  14. ————, 1974. Reproductive coordination and free ranging rhesus monkeys.Physiol. & Behav., 13: 373–376.Google Scholar
  15. ————, 1976. Endocrine coordination in rhesus monkeys: Female responses to the male.Physiol. & Behav., 17: 979–984.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irwin S. Bernstein
    • 1
    • 2
  • Katherine Bruce
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lawrence Williams
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Georgia and Emory UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations