, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 547–551 | Cite as

Response to neighbors and strangers by capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)

  • James D. Becker
  • Gershon Berkson


Capuchin monkeys in the laboratory were observed when another monkey was introduced to their group. The introduced monkey was either from a hostile neighboring group; from a completely strange group, or from the host group. Attacks were directed primarily toward strange males but were rare. The results were discussed in terms of the neighbor effect, mere exposure theory, and species differences in responses to strangers.


Animal Ecology Species Difference Neighbor Effect Capuchin Monkey Neighboring Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amir, V., 1969. Contact hypothesis in ethnic relations.Psychol. Bull., 71: 319–342.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bernstein, I. S., T. P. Gordon, &R. M. Rose, 1974. Factors influencing the expression of aggression during introductions to rhesus monkey groups. In:Primate Aggression, Territoriality, and Xenophobia,R. L. Holloway (ed.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 211–240.Google Scholar
  3. Brickman, P., J. Redfield, A. A. Harrison, &R. Crandall, 1972. Drive and predisposition as factors in the attitudinal effects of mere exposure.J. Exper. Soc. Psychol., 8: 31–44.Google Scholar
  4. Emlen, S. T., 1971. The role of song in individual recognition in the indigo bunting.Zeitschrift für Tierpsychol., 28: 241–246.Google Scholar
  5. Harrison, A. A., 1977. Mere exposure. In:Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 10,L. Berkowitz (ed.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 39–83.Google Scholar
  6. Marler, P., 1976. On animal aggression: The roles of strangeness and familiarity.Amer. Psychol., 31: 239–246.Google Scholar
  7. Oppenheimer, J. R., 1968. Behavior and ecology of the white-faced monkey,Cebus capucinus, on Barro Colorado Island. Doctoral dissertation, Univ. of Illinois.Google Scholar
  8. ————, 1973. Social and communicatory behavior in theCebus monkey. In:Behavioral Regulators of Behavior in Primates,C. R. Carpenter (ed.), Bucknell Univ. Press, Lewisburg.Google Scholar
  9. Rosenblum, L. A., E. J. Levy, &I. C. Kaufman, 1968. Social behavior of squirrel monkeys and the reaction to strangers.Anim. Behav., 16: 288–293.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Weeden, J. S. &J. B. Falls, 1959. Differential responses of male ovenbirds to recorded songs neighboring and more distant individuals.Auk, 76: 343–351.Google Scholar
  11. Zajonc, R. B., 1971. Attraction, affiliation, and attachment. In:Man and Beast: Comparative Social Behavior,J. F. Eisenberg &W. S. Dillon (eds.), Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, pp. 143–179.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • James D. Becker
    • 1
  • Gershon Berkson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Illinois, Chicago CircleChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations