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Entomophaga

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 275–287 | Cite as

Biological studies including population growth parameters of the predatory miteAmblyseius barkeri [Acarina.: Phytoseiidae] at 25°C in the laboratory

  • J. Bonde
Article

Abstract

Amblyseius barkeri (Hughes) fed onThrips tabaci (Lind.) at 25°C showed an average duration of 2.2, 0.8 and 3.2 days for the egg, larval and nymphal stages, with mortalities at 1.0, 1.0 and 3.1%, respectively. Females represented 63% of the population and required multiple matings for optimal fertility. The oviposition period was 20.3 days and the average oviposition rate 2.3 eggs per day. The intrinsic rate of increase was 0.22 per day. The expected life span was 29.6 days for ♀♀ and 27.4 days for ♂♂.A. barkeri ♂♂ and ♀♀ both consumed 3.3 nymphs of thrips per day (mean value for the feeding stages). The larva does not take up food. In the absence of thripsA. barkeri was able to consume two-spotted spider mites,Tetranychus urticae (Koch), and their eggs, adult broad mites,Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks), and pollen of various plants. Cannibalism was observed when food was lacking. Certain morphological features, egglaying, mating and predatory behaviour are described.

Key-Words

Amblyseius barkeri Phytoseiidae Thrips population growth biological control Tetranychus urticae Polyphagotarsonemus latus pollen 

Résumé

Les durées moyennes de développement des œufs, des larves et des nymphes d'Amblyseius barkeri (Hughes) nourris deThrips tabaci (Lind) ont été respectivement 2,2, 0,8 et 3,2 jours, avec des mortalités respectives de 1,0, 1,0 et 3,1%. Les ♀♀ ont constitué 63% de la population, et pour obtenir la fertilité optimum, plusieurs accouplements ont été nécessaires. La période d'oviposition était de 20,3 jours, et l'oviposition moyenne a été de 2,3 œufs par jour. L'accroissement réel était de 0,22 par jour. La durée de vie attendue était de 29,6 jours pour les ♀♀ et de 27,4 jours pour les ♂♂. LesA. barkeri ♂♂ ainsi que les ♀♀ ont consommé 3,3 nymphes de thrips par jour (valeur moyenne des stades de nourritures). Les larves ne mangent pas. Faute de thrips,A. barkeri peut consommer des tétranyches tisserands,Tetranychus urticae (Koch), et leurs œufs, des acariens jaunes adultes,Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks), et du pollen de plusieurs plantes. Dans le cas de nourriture insuffisante, du cannibalisme a été observé. Les caractéristiques morphologiques, l'oviposition, l'accouplement et le comportement prédateur sont décrits.

Mots Clés

Amblyseius barkeri Phytoseiidae thrips accroissement des populations lutte biologique Tetranychus urticae Polyphagotarsonemus latus pollen 

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Copyright information

© Lavoisier Abonnements 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Bonde
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Centre for Plant ProtectionLyngbyDenmark

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