Entomophaga

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 265–273 | Cite as

Observations on the heliotrope flea beetle,Longitarsus albineus [Col.:Chrysomelidae] with tests of its host specificity

  • J. T. Huber
Article

Abstract

Longitarsus albineus (Foudras) is a potential agent for the biological control ofHeliotropium europaeum L. in Australia. The adults feed on the leaves and the larvae on the rootlets of the weed. Large populations of the beetle reduce plant vigour but rarely cause death of well established plants in the Mediterranean region. There are 3 beetle generations per year in southern France. Third generation adults overwinter and, at the first appearance of the weed in spring, start to feed and reproduce. Feeding trials of adults and larvae against a range of economically important plants and severalBoraginaceae demonstrated specificity to the genusHeliotropium.

Keywords

Plant Pathology Large Population Biological Control Mediterranean Region Host Specificity 

Résumé

Longitarsus albineusFoudras est un auxiliaire possible de lutte biologique contre l'adventiceHeliotropium europaeumLinnaeus en Australie. Les adultes se nourrissent des feuilles et les larves des radicelles d'héliotrope. Par forte infestation, le longitarse affecte la vigueur de la mauvaise herbe, dont il détermine rarement le dépérissement en région méditerranéenne. Le longitarse a 3 générations annuelles dans le midi de la France. Les adultes de la 3e génération hivernent, s'attaquant aux premières pousses d'héliotrope et se reproduisant dès le printemps. Des essais d'alimentation portant sur une série de plantes cultivées et plusieurs boraginées ont montré que larves et adultes sont spécifiques au genreHeliotropium.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aeschlimann, J. P. — 1975. A method for the extraction ofSitona [Col.: Curculionidae] eggs from soil and occurrence of a mymarid [Hym., Chalcidoidea] in the Mediterranean region. —Entomophaga, 20, 403–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allard, E. — 1866. Monographie des Alticides. Tribu de la famille des phytophages. —Abeille, 3, 169–486.Google Scholar
  3. Balcells, E. — 1962. Datos sobre parasitos deHeliotropium europaeum L. en Barcelona. —Publ. Inst. Biol. Apl., Barcelona, 11, 125–139.Google Scholar
  4. Bargagli, P. — 1878. La flora delle altiche in Europa. —Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital., 10, 43–73, 126–153.Google Scholar
  5. Bonnemaison, L. — 1962. Les Ennemis Animaux des Plantes Cultivées et des Forêts. Vol. II Coléoptères et Lépidoptères. —Sep éd., Paris, 1–500.Google Scholar
  6. Brummitt, R. K. — 1972.Heliotropium L. Flora Europaea. Vol. 3Diapensiaeae to Myoporaceae (T. G. Tutin et al., eds). —Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1–370.Google Scholar
  7. Caillol, H. — 1914. Catalogue des Coléoptères de Provence. 3e Partie. —Mém. Soc. Linn. Provence, 1–594.Google Scholar
  8. Delucchi, V. — 1952.Microctonus emmae n. sp. [Hymenoptera Braconidae] parassita degli adulti diLongitarsus albineus Foudr. in Puglia. —Redia, 37, 179–186.Google Scholar
  9. Everist, S. L. — 1974. Poisonous plants of Australia. —Angus & Robertson Publ., Sydney, 1–684.Google Scholar
  10. Farahbakhsh, G. H. — 1961. A checklist of economically important insects and other enemies of plants and agricultural products in Iran. —Dep. Plant Prot., Minist. Agric. Tehran, 1, 53–68.Google Scholar
  11. Foudras, C. — 1859. Alticides. In: Histoire Naturelle des Coléoptères de France (M. E. Mulsant, ed.). —Magnin, Blanchard & Cie, Paris, 1–384.Google Scholar
  12. Frick, K. — 1970.Longitarsus jacobaeae [Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae], a flea beetle for the biological control of tansy ragwort. 1. Host plant specificity studies. —Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 63, 284–296.Google Scholar
  13. Huber, J. T. — 1979. A method for observing and rearing the root-feeding larvae ofLongitarsus albineus (Foudras) [Col. Chrysomelidae]. —Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges., 52, 431–433.Google Scholar
  14. Jourdheuil, P. — 1963. Sous-famille desHalticinae. In: Entomologie Appliquée à l'Agriculture. I. Coléoptères 2 (A. S. Balachowsky éd.). —Masson & Cie, Paris, 762–854.Google Scholar
  15. Meadly, G. R. W. — 1968. Common heliotrope (Heliotropium europaeum L.). —J. Dep. Agric., West Aust., 9, 121–124.Google Scholar
  16. Moore, C. W. E. — 1956. Observations on the autecology ofHeliotropium europaeum L. in New South Wales and Victoria. —C.S.I.R.O. Aust. Div. Plant Ind. Tech. Pap., 7, 1–12.Google Scholar
  17. Müller, G. — 1953. I coleoteri della Venezia Guilia. II. Coleoptera phytophaga. —Centro Sperim. Agrar. e Forest. Trieste, 4, 510–541.Google Scholar
  18. Palii, V. F. &Avanessova, G. A. — 1975. Flea beetles-Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Halticinae. (Key to genera and injurious species). —Inst. Zool. Parasit., Akad. Nauk Uzbeksjoi SSR, Tashkent, 1–112 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  19. Peyerimhoff, P. de — 1915. Notes sur la biologie de quelques coléoptères phytophages du Nord Africain, 2e série. —Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr., 54, 19–61.Google Scholar
  20. —. — 1926. Notes sur la biologie de quelques coléoptères phytophages du Nord Africain, 4e série. —Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr., 95, 319–390.Google Scholar
  21. Riedl, H. — 1967.Boraginaceae. In: Flora des Iranischen Hochlandes und der unrahmenden Gebirge (K. Rechinger, ed.). —Akad. Druck- u. Verlagsanst., Graz, 1–281.Google Scholar
  22. Southwood, T. R. E. — 1977. Habitat, the templet for ecological strategies? —J. Anim. Ecol., 46, 337–365.Google Scholar
  23. Wapshere, A. J. — 1974. A strategy for evaluating the safety or organisms for biological weed control. —Ann. Appl. Biol., 77, 201–211.Google Scholar
  24. Wapshere, A. J. &Kirk, A. A. — 1977. The biology and host specificity of theEchium leaf minerDialectica scalariella (Zeller) [Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae]. —Bull. Entomol. Res., 67, 627–633.Google Scholar
  25. Wilson, F. — 1960. A review of the biological control of insects and weeds in Australia and Australian New Guinea. —Commonw. Inst. Biol. Contr. Tech. Comm., 1, 1–102.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Balthazar Publications 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. T. Huber
    • 1
  1. 1.C.S.I.R.O. Biological Control UnitMontpellierFrance

Personalised recommendations