Plant and Soil

, Volume 101, Issue 1, pp 21–28 | Cite as

Modelling soil organic matter levels after long-term applications of crop residues, and farmyard and green manures

  • A. M. A. Van der Linden
  • J. A. Van Veen
  • M. J. Frissel
Article

Abstract

A computer simulation model for long-term soil organic matter dynamics was developed and evaluated with data from long-term field trials in Belgium, Germany and The Netherlands. The model distinguishes four pools of soil organic components (including a microbial biomass pool) with different chemical properties. Transformation rates are described by (pseudo) first order kinetics. Effects of temperature and soil moisture tension were included. Simulation results were in agreement with experimental data from arable farming practices where common input rates were applied. Model calculations overestimated soil organic matter levels when green manures or exceptionally high input rates were applied. Inadequate experimental estimations of organic matter input rates and insufficient modelling of the soil preservation capacity for organic matter and biomass are likely reasons. After changes in the soil organic matter-input management it may take more than a century to reach new equilibrium levels.

Key words

computer simulation models experimental validation long-term extrapolation manure soil organic matter 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allison F A 1973 Soil Organic Matter and its Role in Crop Production. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 637 p.Google Scholar
  2. Campbell C A, Paul E A and McGill W B 1976 Effect of cultivation and cropping on the amounts and forms of soil N.In Western Canadian Nitrogen Symposium Proceedings Calgary, Alta. pp 7–101.Google Scholar
  3. Diez Th and Bachthaler G 1978 Auswirkungen unterschiedlicher Fruchtfolge, Düngung und Bodenbearbeitung auf den Humusgehalt der Böden. Landwirt. Forschung 55, 368–377.Google Scholar
  4. Droeven G, Rixhon L, Gohain A and Raimond Y 1982 Long term effects of different systems of organic matter supply on the humus content and on the structural stability of soil with regard to the crop yields in loamy soils.In Soil Degradation, Proceedings of the land use seminar on soil degradation, Wageningen, 13–15 October 1980. Eds. D Boels, D B Davies and A E Johnston. Balkema, Rotterdam.Google Scholar
  5. Frissel M J and van Veen J A 1978 Criticism of computer simulation modelling for nitrogen in irrigated croplands.In Nitrogen in the Environment. vol. 1. Nitrogen Behaviour in Field Soils. pp 145–162. Eds. D R Nielsen and J G McDonald. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Janssen B H 1984 A simple method for calculating decomposition and accumulation of young soil organic matter. Plant and Soil 76, 297–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jansson S L 1971 Use of15N in studies of soil nitrogen.In Soil Biochemistry. Vol. 2. Eds. A S McLaren and J Skujins. pp 129–166. Marcel Dekker, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Jenkinson D S and Rayner J H 1977 The turnover of soil organic matter in some of the Rothamsted classical experiments. Soil Sci. 123, 298–305.Google Scholar
  9. Jenny H 1941 Factors of soil formation. McGraw-Hill, New York, N.Y. 281 p.Google Scholar
  10. Kortleven J 1963 Kwantitatieve aspecten van humusopbouw en-afbraak. Pudoc nr. 69.1, Wageningen.Google Scholar
  11. Lipman J G and Blair A W 1921 Nitrogen losses under intensive cropping. Soil Sci 12, 1–16.Google Scholar
  12. Nordmeijer H and Richter J 1985 Incubation experiments on nitrogen mineralization in loess and sandy soils. Plant and Soil 83, 433–445.Google Scholar
  13. Parton W J, Anderson D W, Cole C V and Stewart J W B 1983 Simulation of soil organic matter formations and mineralization in semiarid agroecosystems.In Nutrient Cycling in Agricultural Ecosystems. Eds R R Lowranceet al. Univ. of Georgia Special Publication 23. pp 533–550.Google Scholar
  14. Schnitzer M and Khan SU (Eds) 1978 Soil Organic Matter Developments in Soil Science 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 319 p.Google Scholar
  15. Van Dijk H 1982 Survey of Dutch soil organic matter research with regard to humification and degradation rates in arable land.In Soil Degradation. Proceedings of the land use seminar on soil degradation, Wageningen, 13–15 October 1980. Balkema, Rotterdam. Eds. D Boels, D B Davies and A E Johnston. pp 133–144.Google Scholar
  16. Van Veen J A, McGill W B, Hunt H W, Frissel M J and Cole C V 1981 Simulation models of the terrestrial nitrogen cycle.In Terrestrial Nitrogen cycles. Eds. F E Clark and T Rosswall. Ecological Bulletins 33, 25–48.Google Scholar
  17. Van Veen J A and Frissel M J 1981 Simulation model of the behaviour of N in soil.In Simulation of Nitrogen Behaviour of Soil-Plant Systems. Eds. M J Frissel and J A van Veen. pp 126–144. Pudoc Wageningen.Google Scholar
  18. Van Veen J A and Paul E A 1981 Organic carbon dynamics in grassland soils. 1. Background information and computer simulation. Can. J. Soil Sci 61, 185–201.Google Scholar
  19. Van Veen J A, Ladd J N and Frissel M J 1984 Modelling C and N turnover through the microbial biomass in soil. Plant and soil 76, 257–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Voroney R P, van Veen J A and Paul E A 1981 Organic C dynamics in grassland soils. 2. Model validation and simulation of long-term effects of cultivation and rainfall erosion. Can. J. Soil Sci 61, 211–224.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. A. Van der Linden
    • 1
  • J. A. Van Veen
    • 1
  • M. J. Frissel
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute ITALWageningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations