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Entomophaga

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 445–452 | Cite as

Distribution ofAnaphes flavipes in Europe and sources of its importation into the United States

  • R. J. Dysart
Article

Abstract

From 1966 through 1970, numerous colonies of an egg parasite,Anaphes flavipes [Foerster] sensuDebauche, were shipped to the United States from many localities in Europe as part of a biological control effort against the cereal leaf beetle,Oulema melanopus (L.). The known European distribution of the parasite is illustrated and the exact source localities of the introduced colonies are indicated. The biology ofA. flavipes and rates of parasitization in Europe are briefly discussed. The identity of the parasite is discussed in connection withA. lemaeBakkendorf.

Keywords

Plant Pathology Biological Control Source Locality Control Effort Leaf Beetle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Résumé

De 1966 à 1970, 33 souches d'un mymaride parasite d'œufs,Anaphes flavipes (Foerster) sensuDebauche, provenant de nombreuses localités en Europe, ont été expédiées aux États-Unis. Ces souches ont été utilisées dans un programme de lutte biologique contreOulema melanopus (L.), Chrysomélide d'origine européenne établi aux États-Unis. En Europe,A. flavipes a été obtenu d'œufs d'O. melanopus etO. gallaeciana (Heyden) ramassés dans les champs. La distribution européenne d'A. flavipes actuellement connue comprend des localités dans 14 pays. Une carte de distribution est présentée. Le parasitisme des œufs parA. flavipes a été observé dans plusieurs localités d'Europe à des taux excédant 90%. De tels taux de parasitisme apparaissent généralement après le maximum de ponte de l'hôte. Les localités exactes sont indiquées pour toutes les souches d'A. flavipes qui ont été expédiées aux États-Unis.Anaphes lemaeBakkendorf est considéré ici comme une forme d'Anaphes flavipes (Foerster) sensuDebauche.

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References

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Copyright information

© Le François 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. Dysart
    • 1
  1. 1.Ent. Res. Div.European Parasite Laboratory, U.S.D.A., A.R.S.SèvresFrance

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