Advertisement

Plant and Soil

, Volume 102, Issue 1, pp 65–70 | Cite as

Accumulation of heavy metals in the metal-tolerant fern,Athyrium yokoscense, growing on various environments

  • H. Nishizono
  • S. Suzuki
  • F. Ishii
Article

Abstract

The accumulation of copper, zinc and cadmium inA. yokoscense collected from Ashio (copper-contaminated area), Bandai (zinc- and cadmium-contaminated area) and Tama (non-contaminated area), has been investigated. Copper and zinc were accumulated most highly in the root, whilst cadmium was accumulated more in the leaf. The root ofA. yokoscense growing in areas contaminated with metals contained maximum amounts of Cu (5, 989 mg. kg−1 dry weight) and Zn (6,384 mg.kg−1 dry weight), while in the leaf from the Bandai area 164.8 mg Cd.kg−1 dry weight was accumulated. These amounts are far greater than those found inA yokoscense growing on the non-metalliferous habitat (Tama). Twenty five times more zinc and three times more cadmium were found in the dead leaf than in the living leaf. InA. yokoscense growing on soils containing more than 1,000 mg Cu or Zn.kg−1 dry weight, the uptake of copper by the root increased considerably with increasing copper content in the soils, while the uptake of zinc increased only slightly compared with the increase of zinc in the soils.

Key words

accumulation Athyrium yokoscense cadmium, copper metalliferous habitat non-metalliferous habitat zinc 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Antonovics J, Bradshaw A D and Turner R G 1971 Heavy metal tolerance in plants. Adv. Ecol. Res. 7, 2–85.Google Scholar
  2. Bojĉenko E A 1968 Chelate compounds of metal in the plants. Successful Modern Biology 66, 173.Google Scholar
  3. Honjo T, Hatta A and Taniguchi A 1984 Characterization of heavy metals in indicator plants—Studies on the accumulation of lead and tolerance of gregarious fern,Athyrium yokoscense, in the polluted areas from the lead tile of the ruins of Kanazawa Castle, Now the campus of the Kanazawa University — J. Phytogeography Taxonomy 32, 68–80.Google Scholar
  4. Honjo T, Hatta A, Nishikawa H and Satomi N 1984 Studies on the accumulation of copper and zinc by the gregarious fern,Athyrium yokoscense, in the areas of heavy metals pollution of the Kakehashi River from the Ogoya Mine in Ishikawa Prefecture. J. Phytogeography Taxonomy 32, 158–160.Google Scholar
  5. Ishizawa M, Nose T, Sugiyama K, Tanaka T and Funakawa K 1980 Heavy-metal contents in pteridophyta (Athyrium yokoscense Christ). Bull. Medicine Yonago 31, 349–352.Google Scholar
  6. Grill E, Winnacker E L and Zenk M H 1985 Phytochelatins: The principal heavy-metal complexing peptides of higher plants. Nature 230, 674–676.Google Scholar
  7. Koval’skij V V and Petrunia N S 1964 Geochemical ecology and evolutional variation of plants. Bull. Aca. Sci. USSR, 159, 1175.Google Scholar
  8. Rauser W E and Curvetto N R 1980 Metallothionein occurs in the roots of Agrostis tolerant to excess copper. Nature 287, 563–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Swaine D J 1969 The Trace Element Contents of Soils. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, London, 157p.Google Scholar
  10. Tasaki T and Ushijima T 1972 Plant growing metal-contaminated district. Abstracts of the 1972 meeting, Japanese J. Ecology.Google Scholar
  11. Tasaki T 1979 Environmental pollution and indicator plants. Asakura-syoten, Tokyo, 129p.Google Scholar
  12. Turner R G and Marshall C 1971 The accumulation of65Zn by root homogenates clones ofAgrostis tenuis Sibth. New Phytol. 70, 539–545.Google Scholar
  13. Usui H, Arihara T and Shimada R 1975 Soil contamination and specialized vegetation in Ashio Copper Mine district. Bull. College Agriculture, Utsunomiya Univ. 9, 25–36.Google Scholar
  14. Vinogradov A P 1962 Average contents of chemical elements in the principal igneous rocks of the Earths’ crust. Geochimiya, 7, 555–571.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Nishizono
    • 1
  • S. Suzuki
    • 1
  • F. Ishii
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesScience University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Chemical LaboratoryTakasaki College of EconomicsTakasaki-city, GunmaJapan

Personalised recommendations