Germinal HPRT splice donor site mutation results in multiple RNA splicing products in T-lymphocyte cultures
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We have used peripheral blood T-lymphocyte cultures to analyze the hprt mutation in two Lesch-Nyhan syndrome males who are cousins and to confirm the carrier status of female members of the family. Both cDNA and genomic DNA sequencing studies show that this patient carries a hitherto undescribed single base deletion in the exon 5 donor splice site sequence (15:+1, δG, base number 31635). The largest cDNA product contained all nine hprt exons plus an insertion of 66 bases of intron 5, consistent with the use of a cryptic splice site in intron 5 (aag67/gtaagc). This splicing error would result in a chain terminating codon immediately after exon 5 (15:2–4, taa) and predicts a polypeptide of 133 amino acids. This loss of the normal splice donor site also results in multiple hprt mRNA species, combining the use of the cryptic splice site in intron 5 and splicing errors involving exons 2–6. In addition to defining a new Lesch-Nyhan mutation (hprtHenryville), these results provide insight into aberrant splicing of hprt mRNA in T-lymphocytes.
KeywordsSplice Donor Site Aberrant Splice Splice Product Cryptic Splice Site Base Deletion
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