Somatic Cell and Molecular Genetics

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 261–278 | Cite as

An intron 1 regulatory region from the murine adenosine deaminase gene can activate heterologous promoters for ubiquitous expression in transgenic mice

  • John H. Winston
  • Surjit K. Datta
  • Rodney E. Kellems


Ubiquitously expressed genes contain regulatory features which allow expression in virtually all cell types. In an effort to understand the molecular basis for this regulatory feature, the chromatin structure of the murine adenosine deaminase gene was examined by DNase I digestion in nuclei of several tissues. The promoter contained a strong hypersensitive site in all tissues examined, including those with very high and very low levels of ADA expression. Transgenic mouse studies revealed that a 3.3 kbEcoRI (3.3 EE) fragment from intron I was required to generate a strong promoter DNase I hypersensitive site, and to produce ubiquitous expression. The 3.3EE fragment also contained a thymic enhancer activity which mapped to sequences conserved with the human ADA gene T-lymphocyte enhancer. Mutational analysis indicated that ubiquitous expression was not dependent on the presence of a functional thymic enhancer. Both the thymic enhancer and the ubiquitous activator within the 3.3EE fragment functioned with heterologous promoters in transgenic mice.


Adenosine Transgenic Mouse Molecular Basis Mutational Analysis Regulatory Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • John H. Winston
    • 1
    • 2
  • Surjit K. Datta
    • 3
  • Rodney E. Kellems
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Verna and Mars McLean Department of BiochemstryBaylor College of MedicineHouston
  2. 2.Department of Molecular and Human GeneticsBaylor College of MedicineHouston
  3. 3.Department of Biochemistry, College of MedicineAjou UniversitySuwonSouth Korea

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