The Lauriston Taylor lectures honor the founder of the National Committee on Radiation Protection and Measurement soon to be followed by the corresponding international organization. These standard setting bodies had a vast influence on proper recognition of radiation hazards. The 10th Taylor lecture is the first to deal with nonionizing radiations and may be, therefore, of particular interest to the bioengineer. During early history biophysics and bioengineering were primarily concerned with ionizing radiation bioeffects and electrophysiology. The nonionizing part of the radiation field and electrophysiology are closely related. Biomedical observation, biophysical and bioengineering efforts in the nonionizing radiation field are defined and complement each other. Topics concentrate on the relevant biophysical and bioengineering efforts of the author and his colleagues. They include: electrical properties of biological systems; established electrical field interactions (excitation, macromolecular responses and cellular responses); problems of dosimetry (macroscopic and microscopic considerations); conclusions about relative merits of various research approaches.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Schwan, H. P. Electrical properties of tissue and cell suspensions. In: Lawrence, J. H.; Tobias, C. A., eds. Advances in Biological and Medical Physics, Vol. 5. New York: Academic Press; 1957: p. 147–209.
Takashima, S.; Minikata, A. Dielectric behavior of biological macromolecules. Digest of the Dielectric Literature. 37:602; 1975.
Schwan, H. P.; Foster, K. R. RF — Field interactions with biological systems: Electrical properties and biophysical mechanisms. In: Gandhi, O. P. ed. Special Issue on Biological Effects and Medical Applications of Electromagnetic Energy, Proc. IEEE 68, 104–113.
Foster, K. R.; Schwan, H. P. (1986). Dielectric properties of tissues — A review. In: Polk, C.; Postow, E., eds. Handbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation, Cleveland: CRC Press; 1986; p. 27–98.
Schwan, H. P. EM-field induced force effects. In: Chiabrera, A., Nicolini, C., Schwan, H. P., eds. Interactions between Electromagnetic Fields and Cells. New York: Plenum Press; NATO ASI Series, Vol. 97, 1985: p. 371–389.
Pohl, H. A. Dielectrophoresis. London: Cambridge University Press; 1978.
Arnold, W. M.; Zimmermann, U. Electric field-induced fusion and rotation of cells. In: Chapman, D. ed. Biological Membranes, Vol. 5. Academic Press; London, 1984: p. 389.
Zimmermann, U. Electric field-mediated fusion and related electrical phenomena. Biochimica et Biophysics Acta. 694: 227–277; 1982.
Schwan, H. P.; Sher, L. D. Alternating-current field-induced forces and their biological implications. J. Electrochem. Soc. 116: 170–174; 1969.
Schwan, H. P. Dielectric properties of the cell surface and electric field effects on cells. Studia Biophysics. 110 (no. 1-3): 13–18; 1985. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin.
Sauer, F. A. Interaction-forces between microscopic particles in an external electromagnetic field. In: Chiabrera, A., Nicolini, C. and Schwan, H. P., eds. Interactions between Electromagnetic Fields and Cells, New York: Plenum Press; NATO ASI Series, Vol. 97; 1985: p. 181–202.
Sauer, F. A.; Schlogl, R. W. Torques exerted on cylinders and spheres by external electromagnetic fields: A contribution to the theory of field-induced cell rotation. In: Chiabrera, A., Nicolini, C. and Schwan, H.P., eds. Interactions between Electromagnetic Fields and Cells. New York: Plenum Press; NATO ASI Series, Vol. 97; 1985: p. 203–251.
Schwan, H. P. Biophysics of diathermy. In: Licht, S. ed. Therapeutic Heat, 2nd ed. New Haven: Eliz. Licht Pub; 1965; p. 63–125.
Schwan, H. P. Biophysical principles of the interaction of ELF-fields with living matter: Vol II, Coupling considerations and forces. In: Grandolfo, M., Michaelson, S. M., and Rindi, A. eds. Biological Effects and Dosimetry of Static and ELF Electromagnetic Fields. New York, Plenum Press; 1985: p. 243–271.
Justesen, D. R.; King, N. W. Behavioral effects of low level microwave irradiations in the closed space situation. In: Cleary, S. F., ed. Symposium on biological effects and health implications of microwave radiation. Pub. No. BRH/DBE 70-2 [National Technical Information Service], Springfield, VA; 1970: p. 154–179.
Johnson, C. C.; Guy, A. W. Nonionizing electromagnetic wave effects in biological materials and systems. Proc. IEEE 60: 692–718; 1972.
Durney, C. H.; Johnson, C. C.; Barber, P. W.; Massoudi, H.; Iskander, M. F.; Lord, J. J.; Ryser, D. K.; Allen, S. J.; Mitchell, J. C.. Radio frequency radiation dosimetry handbook, 2nd Ed. Report SAM-TR-78-22 [USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks AFB, Texas] 1978.
Cleary, S. F. ed. Symposium on Biological Effects and Health Implications of Microwave Radiation, No. BRH/DBE 70-2. U.S. Public Health Service, Rockville MD, 1970.
Gandhi, O. P. ed. Special Issue on Biological Effects and Medical Applications of Electromagnetic Energy. Proc. IEEE. 68: 1980.
Osepchuk, J. O. ed. Biological effects of microwave radiation: New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1983.
NCRP. Biological Effects and Exposure Criteria for Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields, NCRP Report No. 86. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, Bethesda, MD, 1986.
Editor’s Note: By special permission from the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 7910 Woodmont Ave., Bethesda, MD, 20814, Mr. W. Roger Ney, Executive Secretary. Presented April 2, 1986 in the Auditorium of the National Academy of Sciences Building, Washington, DC.
About this article
Cite this article
Schwan, H.P. Biological effects of non-ionizing radiations: Cellular properties and interactions. Ann Biomed Eng 16, 245–263 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02368002
- Radiation Field
- Standard Setting
- Research Approach
- National Committee
- Radiation Protection