Three cases of primary biliary cirrhosis associated with bronchial asthma
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The association of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and bronchial asthma was observed in three patients. All of these patients were female (53, 54, and 41 years old, respectively), and were positive for antimitochondrial antibodies. The patients fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of both PBC and bronchial asthma. Bronchial asthma preceded PBC in two patients, and the reverse order was seen in the other. Patient the clinical symptoms were mainly due to the bronchial asthma. Two patients had asymptomatic PBC and the third patient complained of pruritus. The liver histology showed mild to moderate eosinophilic infiltration in addition to the ductal and hepatic parenchymal changes characteristic of PBC. A survey of 266 cases of PBC referred to us disclosed that, in 6 of these, the PBC was associated with bronchial asthma, while no association with bronchial asthma was the material of found in 166 patients with viral hepatitis in our liver biopsy files. The 3 present cases we experienced suggest that bronchial asthma may be included in the list of extrahepatic diseases associated with PBC. The significance of this association is unclear and may merit further study. Steroid therapy, which is known to cause adverse effects in PBC, was employed for bronchial asthma in these 3 patients. Another therapeutic approach will have to be considered in patients with bronchial asthma associated with PBC.
Key wordsprimary biliary cirrhosis bronchial asthma eosinophils
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