Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 647–655 | Cite as

Correcting for the thermodynamic characteristics of a body plethysmograph

  • J. H. T. Bates
Article

Abstract

A constant volume body plethysmograph is used to measure changes in total body volume by relating pressure changes measured inside a closed chamber to changes in its volume. The relationship between pressure and volume, however, is complicated by the fact that rapid changes in pressure are accompanied by changes in the temperature of the gas in the plethysmograph. The rate at which the temperature of the gas subsequently approaches that of the environment affects the frequency response of the plethysmograph as a volume measuring instrument. In this paper it is shown that the transient response in plethysmograph pressure to a step change in volume must be a multi-component function, due to the gas near the walls of the plethysmograph approaching thermal equilibrium with the environment at a faster rate than gas near the center. The step response of a 200 L plethysmograph was determined experimentally and found to be well described empirically by a sum of two decaying exponential functions of time. The fitted exponentials were used to construct an algorithm for digitally correcting a measured pressure signal for the effects of the plethysmograph response. When applied to a hypothetical volume waveform over a single breath, an almost perfect correction was obtained.

Keywords

Frequency response Thoracic gas volume Digital correction procedure 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bargeton, D.; Barres, G. Time characteristics and frequency response of body plethysmograph. In: DuBois, A.B.; van de Woestijne, K.P., eds. Body Plethysmography, Progress in Respiratory Research. Karger: Basel; 1969; 2–23.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bracewell, R.N. The Fourier Transform and its Applications. New York: McGraw Hill: 1978.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Foss, S.D. A method of exponential cure fitting by numerical integration. Biometrics 26:815–821; 1970.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Peslin, R. Body Plethysmography. In: Otis, A.B., Ed. Techniques in Respiratory Physiology—Part II. Techniques in the Life Sciences series, Elsevier; County Clare; 1984.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Weinberger, H.F. A first course in partial differential equations. New York: Wiley; 1965.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pergamon Press plc 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. H. T. Bates
    • 1
  1. 1.Meakins-Christie LaboratoriesMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations