Prevalence of HCV genotype among patients with chronic liver diseases in the Tokyo metropolitan area
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We examined 613 Toranomon Hospital patients with HCV RNA-positive chronic liver disease to elucidate the viral genotype in the Tokyo metropolitan area. An epidemiological and clinical study was conducted in the 565 patients whose HCV genotype could be determined. The HCV genotypes found were type II, in 414 patients (67.5%); type III, in 103 (16.8%); type IV, in 37 (6.0%); type V, in 4 (0.7%); mixed genotype II and III, in 5 (0.8%); and mixed genotype II and IV, in 2 (0.3%). The HCV genotype could not be determined in 48 patients. Type II was most prevalent. The HCV genotype I was not found at all. There were no significant differences between genotypes in relation to sex, age, history of blood transfusion, or the progression of the disease. It was uncommon to find a history of blood transfusion in the patients with mixed genotypes; however, a high incidence of hepatic disorders was noted among the family members of these patients. Ninety-two percent of the patients with HCV genotype II tested positive for C100-3, while 70.9% of those with type III, and 43.2% of those with type IV tested positive for this antibody. HCV genotype II was most prevalent, and the positivity rate for anti C100-3 in patients with this HCV genotype was significantly higher (P<0.00001) than that in patients with the other genotypes.
Key wordsHCV genotype chronic hepatitis C HCV-RNA
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