Advertisement

Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 341–347 | Cite as

Measurement of pulse-wave velocity using a beat-sampling technique

  • J. D. Pruett
  • J. D. Bourland
  • L. A. Geddes
Article

Abstract

The relationship between pulse-wave velocity (PWV) and blood pressure was investigated using a new method in which multiple pulse-wave velocities were determined within each blood-pressure pulse. The technique employed measuring pressure at two sites within the aorta and measuring multiple time differences between each pair of pressure waves. Blood pressure was manipulated with drugs. The technique of obtaining multiple PWVs within a beat dramatically reduced the variability of the data in the linear and nonlinear region of PWV versus pressure relationship.

Keywords

Pulse wave velocity Blood pressure Algorithm 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bazett, H.C.; Dreyer, N.B. Measurement of pulse-wave velocity. Amer. J. Physiol. 63:94–115; 1922–23.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Beverholm, O. Studies in the velocity of transmission of the pulse wave in normal individuals. Acta Med. Scand. 67:203–235; 1927.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bramwell, J.C. Arterial elasticity in man. Quart. J. Med. 67:225–244; 1923–24.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Callaghan, F.C.; Geddes, L.A.; Babbs, C.F.; Bourland, J.D. Relationship between pulse-wave velocity and arterial elasticity. Med. Biol. Eng. Comp. 24:248–254; 1986.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Geddes, L.A.; Voelz, M.; Babbs, C.F.; Bourland, J.D.; Tacker, W.A. Pulse transit time as an indicator of arterial blood pressure. Psychophysiology 18:71–74; 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hallock, P. Arterial elasticity in man. Arch. Int. Med. 54:770–798; 1934.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hamilton, W.F.; Remington, J.W.; Dow, P. The determination of the propagating velocity of the arterial pulse wave. Amer. J. Physiol. 144:521–535; 1945.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Haynes, F.W.; Willis, L.B.; Weiss, S. Pulse wave velocity and arterial elasticity. Amer. Heart J. 11:385–401; 1936.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hickson, S.K.; McSwiney, B.A. Effect of respiration on pulse wave velocity. J. Physiol. 69:v-vii; 1924.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hickson, S.K.; McSwiney, B.A. The effect of variations in blood pressure on pulse wave velocity. J. Physiol. 19:217–230; 1924.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hughes, D.J.; Babbs, C.F.; Geddes, L.A.; Bourland, J.D. Measurement of Young's modulus of elasticity of the canine aorta with utrasound. Ultrasonic Imaging 1:356–367; 1979.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    King, A.L. Waves in elastic tubes: Velocity of the pulse wave in large arteries. J. Appl. Physiol. 18:595–600; 1947.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    King, A.L. Circulatory system: Arterial pulse; wave velocity. In: Glasser, O., ed. Medical Physics, Vol. II. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc.; 1950: pp. 188–191.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Korteweg, D.J. Ueber die fortpflanzungsgeschwindigkeit die Schalle in elastichen rohren. Annalen der Physik und Chemie 5:525–542; 1978.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kramer, J.C.; Ogden, E.; McPherson, R.C. Immediate variations in pulse wave velocity caused by adrenaline in short uniform parts of the arterial tree. Amer. J. Physiol. 19:432–436; 1907.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lansdown, M. A method of using induced waves to study pressure propagation in human arteries. Circ. Res. 5:594–601; 1957.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Moens, A.I. Die Pulskurve. Leiden: E.J. Brill; 1878.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nye, E.R. The effect of blood pressure alteration on the pulse wave velocity. Brit. Heart J. 26:261–265; 1964.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Posey, J.A., Jr. Elasticity of arteries. Ph.D. dissertation, Baylor College of Medicine, Emmott and Sons, Houston, TX, May 1972.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sands, J. Studies in pulse wave velocity. Amer. J. Physiol. 3:519–532; 1923.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sands, J. Studies in pulse wave velocity III. Pulse wave velocity in pathological conditions. Amer. J. Physiol. 71:519–533; 1925.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Steele, J.M. Interpretation of arterial elasticity from pulse wave velocity. Amer. Heart J. 14:452–465; 1937.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Steptoe, A.; Smulyan, H.; Gribben, B. Pulse wave velocity and blood pressure change. Psychophysiology 13:488–493; 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Womersley, J.R. An elastic theory of pulse transmission and oscillatory flow in mammalian arteries. WADD Tech. Rep. U.S. Dept. Commerce Report PB-151356. Washington, DC also U.S. Armed Services Technical Information Agency (ASTIA) Arlington, VA., Feb, 1982.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pergamon Press plc 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Pruett
    • 1
  • J. D. Bourland
    • 2
  • L. A. Geddes
    • 2
  1. 1.MSEE, P.E.Sunrise
  2. 2.The William Hillenbrand Biomedical Engineering CenterPurdue UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations