Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 253–269 | Cite as

Alternating current electrophoresis of human red blood cells

  • Peter C. Y. Chen


An a.c. electrophoretic technique in the frequency range between 2–10 Hz, using a rectangular chamber design, has been developed for measuring the surface electric charge density of human red blood cells. With the a.c. approach, mobility can be determined rapidly, electrode polarization is minimized and the construction of the chamber simplified. For frequencies under 10 Hz and a chamber thickness of 150 μm, a theoretical analysis of the electroosmotic flow profile shows that it is almost identical to the d.c. case. With the a.c. method and using a 0.145 N NaCl solution buffered with NaHCO3, the mobility of red cells measured at the lower stationary level is found to be −1.07±0.02 (S.D.) μmsec−1 V−1 cm. The zeta potential and charge density calculated from the mobility are −14.03±0.26 (S.D.) mV and −3603±69 (S.D.) esu cm−2, respectively.


Electrophoresis Charge Density Zeta Potential NaHCO3 Electric Charge 
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Copyright information

© Pergamon Press Ltd. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter C. Y. Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BioengineeringUniversity of California, San DiegoLa Jolla

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