Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 151–157 | Cite as

Game-ranching in africa as a source of meat for local consumption and export

  • J. D. Skinner


Game animals are unlikely to compete directly with domestic animals as meat producers. The evidence so far has indicated that they are not as efficient in converting feed into liveweight and doubts remain concerning disease and their management in this and other respects. On the other hand, game-ranching could supplement other forms of meat production and even replace existing farming methods in arid regions. Certain species (eland, springbok) do feed on plants and shrubs not eaten by domestic stock and game give a higher yield of lean meat. Game should be regarded as complementary, not competitive and there is urgent need for more research with this approach as well as into the basic difficulties of marketing fresh meat in sophisticated markets.


Public Health Veterinary Medicine Como Domestic Animal Meat Producer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Il est peu probable que le gros gibier puisse concurrencer directement les animaux domestiques comme producteurs de viande. Il s’est montré évident jusqu’à présent qu’il n’avait pas la même efficacité à transformer la nourriture en viande sur pied; en outre il reste beaucoup apprendre sur ses maladies et la façon de l’entretenir, sous cet aspect et bien d’autres.

D’un autre point de vue, l’exploitation du gros gibier pourrait s’ajouter à d’autres formes de production de viande et même remplacer les méthodes d’élevage existantes dans les zones arides. Certaines espèces (eland, springbok) se nourrissent de plantes et d’arbustes non consommés par le bétail et le gibier a un meilleur rendement en viande maigre. Le gibier doit donc être considéré comme une source de viande complémentaire et non concurrentielle et il est urgent d’entreprendre davantage de recherches à cette fin aussi bien qu’au sujet des difficultés majeures de l’approvisionnement en viande fraîche sur les marchés raffinés.


Es improbable que los animales silvestres compitan directamente con los animales domésticos como productores de earne. La evidencia hasta hoy obtenida indica que ellos no son tan eficientes en convertir el alimento en peso vivo y permanecen las dudas en lo que se refiere a enfermedades y sus manejos entre otros. Sin embargo, los ranchos de animales silvestres podrîan suplementar otras formas de producción de carne y azn reemplazer métodos de explotació, existentes en algunas regiones áridas. Algunas especies (eland, springbok) se alimentan de plantas y malezas que no son utilizades por los animales domésticos y los animales silvestres dan un mayor porcentaje de carne magra. Los animales silvestres deben ser considerados como co plementarios y no competitivos y existe una urgente necesidad por mas investigación con este prunto de vista y también investigación sobre las dificultades básicas en la comercialización de carne fresca en mercados sofisticados.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arman, P. (1969). ‘Survey of Current Wildlife Research Projects in East Africa.’ Issue 4, Project 49. Specialist Committee in Wildlife Research, E.A.V.R.O., Mugaga, Kenya.Google Scholar
  2. Child, G. (1970). ‘Game-ranching’.Proceedings of the South African Society for Animal Production,9, (In press).Google Scholar
  3. Erasmus, T. (1967). ‘Water metabolism studies with ruminants’. Doctoral thesis, University of Pretoria.Google Scholar
  4. Hofmeyr, J. M. (1970). ‘The food preference and feeding habits of some indigenous herbivores in the Ethiopian faunal region’.Proceedings of the South African Society for Animal Production,9, (In press).Google Scholar
  5. Ledger, H. P. (1963). ‘A note on the relative body composition of wild and domesticated ruminants.Bulletin of Epizootic Diseases of Africa,11, 163–165.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Liversidge, R. (1970). ‘Problems on the investigation of grazing competition between springbok and sheep’.Proceedings of Grassland Society of South Africa. (in press).Google Scholar
  7. Louw, G. N. (1969). ‘Renal function, respiration, heart rate and thermoregulation in the ostrich (Strutheo camelus)’.Scientific Papers Namib Desert Research Station,42, 43–54.Google Scholar
  8. Louw, G. N. (1970). ‘Physiological adaptation as a criterion in planning production from wild ungulates’.Proceedings of the South African Society for Animal Production,9. (In press).Google Scholar
  9. McCulloch, J. S. G. &Talbot, L. M. (1965). ‘Comparison of weight estimation methods for wild animals and domestic livestock.’Journal of Applied Ecology,2, 59–62.Google Scholar
  10. Neitz, W. O. (1965). ‘A checklist and hostlist of the zoonoses occurring in mammals and birds in South and South West Africa’.Onderstepoort Journal Veterinary Research,32, 189–376.Google Scholar
  11. Riney, T. &Kettlitz, W. K. (1964). ‘Management of large mammals in the Transvaal’.Mammalia,28, 189–248.Google Scholar
  12. Rogerson, A. (1968). ‘Body composition as a basis for a comparative study of some East African mammals’.Symposium Zoological Society Lond., No. 21, 367–379.Google Scholar
  13. Sachs, R. (1969). ‘Survey of Current Wildlife Research Projects in East Africa’, Issue 4, Project 59.Google Scholar
  14. Skinner, J. D. (1967). ‘An appraisal of the eland as a farm animal in Africa’.Animal Breeding Abstracts,35, 177–186.Google Scholar
  15. Skinner, J. D. &Van Zyl, J. H. M. (1970). ‘Study of growth of springbok ewes’.African Wild Life,24, 149–153.Google Scholar
  16. Skinner, J. D., Von La Chevallerie, M. & Van Zyl, J. H. M. (1970). ‘An investigation into the productivity of the springbok’.Scientific Progress. (In press).Google Scholar
  17. Talbot, L. M., Payne, W. J. A., Ledger, H. P., Verdcourt, L. D. & Talbot, H. M. (1965). ‘The meat production potential of wild animals in Africa’.Technical Communication No. 16. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau.Google Scholar
  18. Taylor, C. R. (1968). ‘The minimum water requirements of some East African bovids’.Symposium Zoological Society London, No. 21, 195–206.Google Scholar
  19. Taylor, C. R. &Lyman, C. P. (1967). ‘A comparative study of the environmental physiology of an East African antelope, the eland, and the Hereford steer’.Physiological Zoology,40, 280–295.Google Scholar
  20. Van Zyl, J. H. M. (1968). ‘Meat production of South African game animals. III. The springbok’.Fauna Flora, Pretoria,19, 51–57.Google Scholar
  21. Van Zyl, J. H. M., Von La Chevallerie, M. &Skinner, J. D. (1969). ‘A note on the dressing percentage in the springbok and impala’.Proceedings of the South African Society Animal Production,8, 199–200.Google Scholar
  22. Von La Chevallerie, M. (1970). ‘Meat production from wild ungulates’.Proceedings of the South African Society Animal Production,9. (In press).Google Scholar
  23. Young, E., Wagener, L. J. J. &Bronkhorst, P. J. L. (1969). ‘The blue wildebeest as a source of food and by-products’.Journal of the South African Veterinary Medical Association,40, 315–318.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© E. & S. Livingstone 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Skinner
    • 1
  1. 1.Animal and Dairy Science Research InstituteIreneSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations